Re: how long does dnf system-upgrade take?

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On Sun, Apr 14, 2024 at 9:49 AM Fulko Hew <fulko.hew@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On Sun, Apr 14, 2024 at 7:16 AM Patrick O'Callaghan <pocallaghan@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Then it was back to are-install for F33 because it was a hardware
> replacement, and Linux/Fedora does not have a one-true backup/restore
> process that I have ever seen.  [...]

There may not be "one" backup/restore process, but there are several
easy options.  When I've done hw replacements my usual process is to
use "dd" to create an image of the disk as it came from the factory
(in case I ever want to use the Windows install it comes with), do
another image of the source disk, and then "dd" the image to the new
hw (this requires a suitable external USB drive or similar of course).
If the new disk is larger I resize the LVs and file systems after the
restore to take advantage of the additional space.  You could do
something similar using clonezilla.  Or instead of "dd", you can use
the appropriate dump/restore program for the file systems in question.

[If you don't have a suitable external drive, I would think you could
use a USB thumb drive and a live ISO to boot the target, and then do
the backup/restore over a ssh pipe]

> During this F35 to F39 migration, I've lost the convenience of a Fedora
> supported FreeCAD.

You can try installing the F38 package on F39....

> And since Wayland isn't a full-function replacement for X11 yet,
> I understand the next migration will break my remote X11 windows usage.
> (And a remote desktop is not a replacement for remote windows.)

>From what I understand, Wayland will *never* be a full-function
replacement for X11 as there are capabilities in X11 that Wayland
considers to be security issues.  But perhaps I have failed to
properly understand Wayland.
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