Re: [PATCH] hwmon: (tmp102) Force wait for conversion time for the first valid data

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On 11/30/2015 08:25 PM, Nishanth Menon wrote:
TMP102 works based on conversions done periodically. However, as per
the TMP102 data sheet[1] the first conversion is triggered immediately
after we program the configuration register. The temperature data
registers do not reflect proper data until the first conversion is
complete (in our case HZ/4).

The driver currently sets the last_update to be jiffies - HZ, just
after the configuration is complete. When tmp102 driver registers
with the thermal framework, it immediately tries to read the sensor
temperature data. This takes place even before the conversion on the
TMP102 is complete and results in an invalid temperature read.

Depending on the value read, this may cause thermal framework to
assume that a critical temperature event has occurred and attempts to
shutdown the system.

Instead of causing an invalid mid-conversion value to be read
erroneously, we mark the last_update to be in-line with the current
jiffies. This allows the tmp102_update_device function to skip update
until the required conversion time is complete. Further, we ensure to
return -EAGAIN result instead of returning spurious temperature (such
as 0C) values to the caller to prevent any wrong decisions made with
such values.

A simpler alternative approach could be to sleep in the probe for the
duration required, but that will result in latency that is undesirable
that can delay boot sequence un-necessarily.

A really simpler solution would be to mark when the device is ready
to be accessed in the probe function, and go to sleep for the remaining time
in the update function if necessary. This would not affect the probe function,
avoid the somewhat awkward -EAGAIN, avoid overloading the value cache, and only
sleep if necessary and as long as needed.


Cc: Eduardo Valentin <edubezval@xxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Aparna Balasubramanian <aparnab@xxxxxx>
Reported-by: Elvita Lobo <elvita@xxxxxx>
Reported-by: Yan Liu <yan-liu@xxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Nishanth Menon <nm@xxxxxx>

Example case (from Beagleboard-x15 using an older kernel revision):
Notice the thermal shutdown trigger:
	thermal thermal_zone3: critical temperature reached(108 C),shutting down

  drivers/hwmon/tmp102.c | 19 ++++++++++++++++++-
  1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hwmon/tmp102.c b/drivers/hwmon/tmp102.c
index 65482624ea2c..145f69108f23 100644
--- a/drivers/hwmon/tmp102.c
+++ b/drivers/hwmon/tmp102.c
@@ -50,6 +50,9 @@
  #define	TMP102_TLOW_REG			0x02
  #define	TMP102_THIGH_REG		0x03

+/* TMP102 range is -55 to 150C -> we use -128 as a default invalid value */
+#define TMP102_NOTREADY			-128

This is a bit misleading, and also not correct, since the temperature is stored in
milli-degrees C, so a value of -128 reflects -0.128 degreees C. While that value
will not be seen in practice, it is still not a good idea to use it for this purpose.

Even though the chip temperature range is -55 .. 150 C, that doesn't mean
it never returns a value outside that range, for example if nothing is connected
to an external sensor or if something is broken.

You should use a value outside the value range, ie outside
[-128,000 .. 127,999 ] to detect the "not ready" condition.

  struct tmp102 {
  	struct i2c_client *client;
  	struct device *hwmon_dev;
@@ -102,6 +105,12 @@ static int tmp102_read_temp(void *dev, int *temp)
  	struct tmp102 *tmp102 = tmp102_update_device(dev);

+	/* Is it too early even to return a conversion? */
+	if (tmp102->temp[0] == TMP102_NOTREADY) {
+		dev_dbg(dev, "%s: Conversion not ready yet..\n", __func__);
+		return -EAGAIN;

Does this cause a hard loop in the calling code, or will the thermal code
delay before it reads again ?

If it causes a hard loop, it may be better to go to sleep if needed
when reading the data, as suggested above.

+	}
  	*temp = tmp102->temp[0];

  	return 0;
@@ -114,6 +123,10 @@ static ssize_t tmp102_show_temp(struct device *dev,
  	struct sensor_device_attribute *sda = to_sensor_dev_attr(attr);
  	struct tmp102 *tmp102 = tmp102_update_device(dev);

+	/* Is it too early even to return a read? */
+	if (tmp102->temp[sda->index] == TMP102_NOTREADY)
+		return -EAGAIN;
  	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", tmp102->temp[sda->index]);

@@ -207,7 +220,11 @@ static int tmp102_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
  		status = -ENODEV;
  		goto fail_restore_config;
-	tmp102->last_update = jiffies - HZ;
+	tmp102->last_update = jiffies;
+	/* Mark that we are not ready with data until conversion is complete */
+	tmp102->temp[0] = TMP102_NOTREADY;
+	tmp102->temp[1] = TMP102_NOTREADY;
+	tmp102->temp[2] = TMP102_NOTREADY;

  	hwmon_dev = hwmon_device_register_with_groups(dev, client->name,

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