Re: [PATCH 25/26] block: Reduce zone write plugging memory usage

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On 2/13/24 03:40, Bart Van Assche wrote:
> On 2/12/24 00:47, Damien Le Moal wrote:
>> Replying to myself as I had an idea:
>> 1) Store the zone capacity in a separate array: 4B * nr_zones needed. Storing
>> "0" as a value for a zone in that array would indicate that the zone is
>> conventional. No additional zone bitmap needed.
>> 2) Use a sparse xarray for managing allocated zone write plugs: 64B per
>> allocated zone write plug needed, which for an SMR drive would generally be at
>> most 128 * 64B = 8K.
>> So for an SMR drive with 100,000 zones, that would be a total of 408 KB, instead
>> of the current 1.6 MB. Will try to prototype this to see how performance goes (I
>> am worried about the xarray lookup overhead in the hot path).
> Hi Damien,
> Are there any zoned devices where the sequential write required zones occur before
> the conventional zones? If not, does this mean that the conventional zones always
> occur before the write pointer zones and also that storing the number of conventional
> zones is sufficient?

Not sure where you want to go with this... In any case, there are SMR drives
which have conventional zones before and after the bulk of the capacity as
sequential write required zones. Conventional zones can be anywhere.

> Are there zoned storage devices where each zone has a different capacity? I have
> not yet encountered any such device. I'm wondering whether a single capacity
> variable would be sufficient for the entire device.

Yes, I did this optimization. Right now, for the 28TB SMR disk case, I am down
to a bitmap for conventional zones (16KB) plus max-open-zones * 64 B for the
zone write plugs. Cannot go lower than that. I am still looking into xarray vs
hash table for the zone write plugs for the overhead/performance.

Damien Le Moal
Western Digital Research

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