Re: [RFC PATCH 23/41] KVM: x86/pmu: Implement the save/restore of PMU state for Intel CPU

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]


On 4/23/2024 10:53 AM, maobibo wrote:

On 2024/4/23 上午10:44, Mi, Dapeng wrote:

On 4/23/2024 9:01 AM, maobibo wrote:

On 2024/4/23 上午1:01, Sean Christopherson wrote:
On Mon, Apr 22, 2024, maobibo wrote:
On 2024/4/16 上午6:45, Sean Christopherson wrote:
On Mon, Apr 15, 2024, Mingwei Zhang wrote:
On Mon, Apr 15, 2024 at 10:38 AM Sean Christopherson <seanjc@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
One my biggest complaints with the current vPMU code is that the roles and responsibilities between KVM and perf are poorly defined, which leads to suboptimal
and hard to maintain code.

Case in point, I'm pretty sure leaving guest values in PMCs _would_ leak guest state to userspace processes that have RDPMC permissions, as the PMCs might not be dirty from perf's perspective (see perf_clear_dirty_counters()).

Blindly clearing PMCs in KVM "solves" that problem, but in doing so makes the overall code brittle because it's not clear whether KVM _needs_ to clear PMCs,
or if KVM is just being paranoid.

So once this rolls out, perf and vPMU are clients directly to PMU HW.

I don't think this is a statement we want to make, as it opens a discussion that we won't win.  Nor do I think it's one we *need* to make.  KVM doesn't need to be on equal footing with perf in terms of owning/managing PMU hardware, KVM just needs a few APIs to allow faithfully and accurately virtualizing a guest PMU.

Faithful cleaning (blind cleaning) has to be the baseline
implementation, until both clients agree to a "deal" between them.
Currently, there is no such deal, but I believe we could have one via
future discussion.

What I am saying is that there needs to be a "deal" in place before this code is merged.  It doesn't need to be anything fancy, e.g. perf can still pave over PMCs it doesn't immediately load, as opposed to using cpu_hw_events.dirty to lazily do the clearing.  But perf and KVM need to work together from the get go, ie. I don't want KVM doing something without regard to what perf does, and vice versa.

There is similar issue on LoongArch vPMU where vm can directly pmu hardware and pmu hw is shard with guest and host. Besides context switch there are
other places where perf core will access pmu hw, such as tick
timer/hrtimer/ipi function call, and KVM can only intercept context switch.

Two questions:

  1) Can KVM prevent the guest from accessing the PMU?

  2) If so, KVM can grant partial access to the PMU, or is it all or nothing?

If the answer to both questions is "yes", then it sounds like LoongArch *requires*
mediated/passthrough support in order to virtualize its PMU.

Hi Sean,

Thank for your quick response.

yes, kvm can prevent guest from accessing the PMU and grant partial or all to access to the PMU. Only that if one pmu event is granted to VM, host can not access this pmu event again. There must be pmu event switch if host want to.

PMU event is a software entity which won't be shared. did you mean if a PMU HW counter is granted to VM, then Host can't access the PMU HW counter, right?
yes, if PMU HW counter/control is granted to VM. The value comes from guest, and is not meaningful for host.  Host pmu core does not know that it is granted to VM, host still think that it owns pmu.

That's one issue this patchset tries to solve. Current new mediated x86 vPMU framework doesn't allow Host or Guest own the PMU HW resource simultaneously. Only when there is no !exclude_guest event on host, guest is allowed to exclusively own the PMU HW resource.

Just like FPU register, it is shared by VM and host during different time and it is lately switched. But if IPI or timer interrupt uses FPU register on host, there will be the same issue.

I didn't fully get your point. When IPI or timer interrupt reach, a VM-exit is triggered to make CPU traps into host first and then the host interrupt handler is called. Or are you complaining the executing sequence of switching guest PMU MSRs and these interrupt handler?

Bibo Mao

Can we add callback handler in structure kvm_guest_cbs?  just like this: @@ -6403,6 +6403,7 @@ static struct perf_guest_info_callbacks kvm_guest_cbs
= {
         .state                  = kvm_guest_state,
         .get_ip                 = kvm_guest_get_ip,
         .handle_intel_pt_intr   = NULL,
+       .lose_pmu               = kvm_guest_lose_pmu,

By the way, I do not know should the callback handler be triggered in perf core or detailed pmu hw driver. From ARM pmu hw driver, it is triggered in
pmu hw driver such as function kvm_vcpu_pmu_resync_el0,
but I think it will be better if it is done in perf core.

I don't think we want to take the approach of perf and KVM guests "fighting" over the PMU.  That's effectively what we have today, and it's a mess for KVM because it's impossible to provide consistent, deterministic behavior for the guest.  And it's just as messy for perf, which ends up having wierd, cumbersome flows that
exists purely to try to play nice with KVM.
With existing pmu core code, in tick timer interrupt or IPI function call interrupt pmu hw may be accessed by host when VM is running and pmu is already granted to guest. KVM can not intercept host IPI/timer interrupt, there is no pmu context switch, there will be problem.

Bibo Mao

[Index of Archives]     [KVM ARM]     [KVM ia64]     [KVM ppc]     [Virtualization Tools]     [Spice Development]     [Libvirt]     [Libvirt Users]     [Linux USB Devel]     [Linux Audio Users]     [Yosemite Questions]     [Linux Kernel]     [Linux SCSI]     [XFree86]

  Powered by Linux