Health Matters for Women - January 2022

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January 2022 

New from CDC

Prevent Cervical Cancer

January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month. Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Learn about the appropriate screening tests and the HPV vaccine to help prevent cervical cancer.

Zika-Associated Birth Defects Reported in Pregnancies with Laboratory Evidence of Confirmed or Possible Zika Virus Infection — U.S. Zika Pregnancy and Infant Registry, December 1, 2015–March 31, 2018

Zika virus infections can cause serious brain and eye birth defects during pregnancy. This study describes the frequency of individual Zika-associated birth defects from the U.S. Zika Pregnancy and Infant Registry.

Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence, by Race, Ethnicity, and Age Among Women Aged ≥20 Years — United States, 1999–2018

The findings in this report indicate that breast cancer incidence among women aged ≥20 years decreased during 1999–2004 but increased during 2004–2018.

Impact of the DREAMS Program on New HIV Diagnoses in Adolescent Girls and Young Women Attending Antenatal Care — Lesotho, 2015–2020

New HIV diagnoses among adolescent girls and young women attending antenatal care decreased significantly in both DREAMS and non-DREAMS districts, although reductions were greater in DREAMS districts.

Alcohol Consumption and Binge Drinking During Pregnancy Among Adults Aged 18–49 Years — United States, 2018–2020

This report found several factors correlated with drinking during pregnancy including age, education, and marital status, which are generally consistent with other nationally representative studies. CDC is working to increase alcohol screening and brief intervention and community-level interventions.

Decline in Perinatal Mortality in the United States, 2017–2019

The U.S. perinatal mortality rate declined 30% from 1990 to 2011, but was stable from 2011 through 2016. This report presents trends in perinatal mortality as well as its components, late fetal and early neonatal mortality, for 2017 through 2019. Also shown are perinatal mortality trends by mother’s age, race and Hispanic origin, and state for 2017–2019.

COVID-19 Impact on Women

COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or might become pregnant in the future. The registry is collecting health information from people who received COVID-19 vaccination in the periconception period (within 30 days before last menstrual period) or during pregnancy.

On December 16, 2021, after reviewing updated vaccine effectiveness and safety data, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices made a preferential recommendation for the use of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines over the Janssen adenoviral-vectored COVID-19 vaccine in all persons aged ≥18 years in the United States.

In a retrospective cohort of >40,000 pregnant women, COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy was not associated with preterm birth or small-for-gestational-age at birth overall, stratified by trimester of vaccination, or number of vaccine doses received during pregnancy, compared with unvaccinated pregnant women.


Health Observances, February 2022

American Heart Month
National Wear Red Day 2/4 
National Eating Disorders Awareness Week 2/21 - 2/27
International Prenatal Infection Prevention Month
National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month

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