Re: vepa-mode directly attached interface

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On 6/11/22 8:54 AM, Gionatan Danti wrote:
Hi all,
I just realized that libvirt default for directly attached interface is vepa mode.

I discovered it now because virt-manager automatically enables bridge mode, while cockpit-machines get the default vepa mode. This is unfortunate because, being vepa switches very rare, it means that using cockpit to configure directly attached interfaces causes guests to not talk each other.

I have some questions:

- can libvirt default be changed/configured somehow (ie: to automatically create bridge-mode directly attached interface when no mode is specified)?

libvirt's defaults are defaults, and can't be changed with config. libvirt also will never changed the hardcoded default, because that could break existing installations.

I'm not sure why vepa was chosen as the default when macvtap support was added to libvirt, but my best guess is that it was just the bias of the person doing the work who assumed their usage would be the most common (IIRC it was done by someone who was specifically wanting to support connection to VEPA-capable switches, and since it was a new feature nobody else had experience with / opinions about which mode would be most common, so the reviewers just accepted this default)

- how can I use virsh to discover machines with vepa-mode interfaces (virsh domiflist <domain> does not return the interface mode)?

I guess you'll need to do a "virsh dumpxml --inactive" for each guest and parse it out of there.

- can I change the interface type at runtime (virt-xml <domain> --edit --network type=direct,source.mode=bridge works for inactive domains only)?

No, I think the mode of the macvtap interface is set when the interface is created, and can't be changed later (i.e. it's a limitation of macvtap, not libvirt)

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