[PATCH 5.15 6/6] xfs: fix xfs_inodegc_stop racing with mod_delayed_work

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From: "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@xxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 2254a7396a0ca6309854948ee1c0a33fa4268cec ]

syzbot reported this warning from the faux inodegc shrinker that tries
to kick off inodegc work:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 102 at kernel/workqueue.c:1445 __queue_work+0xd44/0x1120 kernel/workqueue.c:1444
RIP: 0010:__queue_work+0xd44/0x1120 kernel/workqueue.c:1444
Call Trace:
 __queue_delayed_work+0x1c8/0x270 kernel/workqueue.c:1672
 mod_delayed_work_on+0xe1/0x220 kernel/workqueue.c:1746
 xfs_inodegc_shrinker_scan fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c:2212 [inline]
 xfs_inodegc_shrinker_scan+0x250/0x4f0 fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c:2191
 do_shrink_slab+0x428/0xaa0 mm/vmscan.c:853
 shrink_slab+0x175/0x660 mm/vmscan.c:1013
 shrink_one+0x502/0x810 mm/vmscan.c:5343
 shrink_many mm/vmscan.c:5394 [inline]
 lru_gen_shrink_node mm/vmscan.c:5511 [inline]
 shrink_node+0x2064/0x35f0 mm/vmscan.c:6459
 kswapd_shrink_node mm/vmscan.c:7262 [inline]
 balance_pgdat+0xa02/0x1ac0 mm/vmscan.c:7452
 kswapd+0x677/0xd60 mm/vmscan.c:7712
 kthread+0x2e8/0x3a0 kernel/kthread.c:376
 ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:308

This warning corresponds to this code in __queue_work:

	 * For a draining wq, only works from the same workqueue are
	 * allowed. The __WQ_DESTROYING helps to spot the issue that
	 * queues a new work item to a wq after destroy_workqueue(wq).
	if (unlikely(wq->flags & (__WQ_DESTROYING | __WQ_DRAINING) &&

For this to trip, we must have a thread draining the inodedgc workqueue
and a second thread trying to queue inodegc work to that workqueue.
This can happen if freezing or a ro remount race with reclaim poking our
faux inodegc shrinker and another thread dropping an unlinked O_RDONLY

Thread 0	Thread 1	Thread 2


				<yes, will continue>

<list empty, do not queue inodegc worker>

		<add to list>
		<no, returns>


				<no, will queue list>
				mod_delayed_work_on(..., 0)
				<sees WQ_DRAINING, kaboom>

In other words, everything between the access to inodegc_enabled state
and the decision to poke the inodegc workqueue requires some kind of
coordination to avoid the WQ_DRAINING state.  We could perhaps introduce
a lock here, but we could also try to eliminate WQ_DRAINING from the

We could replace the drain_workqueue call with a loop that flushes the
workqueue and queues workers as long as there is at least one inode
present in the per-cpu inodegc llists.  We've disabled inodegc at this
point, so we know that the number of queued inodes will eventually hit
zero as long as xfs_inodegc_start cannot reactivate the workers.

There are four callers of xfs_inodegc_start.  Three of them come from the
VFS with s_umount held: filesystem thawing, failed filesystem freezing,
and the rw remount transition.  The fourth caller is mounting rw (no
remount or freezing possible).

There are three callers ofs xfs_inodegc_stop.  One is unmounting (no
remount or thaw possible).  Two of them come from the VFS with s_umount
held: fs freezing and ro remount transition.

Hence, it is correct to replace the drain_workqueue call with a loop
that drains the inodegc llists.

Fixes: 6191cf3ad59f ("xfs: flush inodegc workqueue tasks before cancel")
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Leah Rumancik <leah.rumancik@xxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@xxxxxxxxxx>
 fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c
index 02022164772d..eab98d76dbe1 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_icache.c
@@ -448,18 +448,23 @@ xfs_iget_check_free_state(
 /* Make all pending inactivation work start immediately. */
-static void
+static bool
 	struct xfs_mount	*mp)
 	struct xfs_inodegc	*gc;
 	int			cpu;
+	bool			ret = false;
 	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
 		gc = per_cpu_ptr(mp->m_inodegc, cpu);
-		if (!llist_empty(&gc->list))
+		if (!llist_empty(&gc->list)) {
 			mod_delayed_work_on(cpu, mp->m_inodegc_wq, &gc->work, 0);
+			ret = true;
+		}
+	return ret;
@@ -1902,24 +1907,41 @@ xfs_inodegc_flush(
  * Flush all the pending work and then disable the inode inactivation background
- * workers and wait for them to stop.
+ * workers and wait for them to stop.  Caller must hold sb->s_umount to
+ * coordinate changes in the inodegc_enabled state.
 	struct xfs_mount	*mp)
+	bool			rerun;
 	if (!xfs_clear_inodegc_enabled(mp))
+	/*
+	 * Drain all pending inodegc work, including inodes that could be
+	 * queued by racing xfs_inodegc_queue or xfs_inodegc_shrinker_scan
+	 * threads that sample the inodegc state just prior to us clearing it.
+	 * The inodegc flag state prevents new threads from queuing more
+	 * inodes, so we queue pending work items and flush the workqueue until
+	 * all inodegc lists are empty.  IOWs, we cannot use drain_workqueue
+	 * here because it does not allow other unserialized mechanisms to
+	 * reschedule inodegc work while this draining is in progress.
+	 */
-	drain_workqueue(mp->m_inodegc_wq);
+	do {
+		flush_workqueue(mp->m_inodegc_wq);
+		rerun = xfs_inodegc_queue_all(mp);
+	} while (rerun);
 	trace_xfs_inodegc_stop(mp, __return_address);
  * Enable the inode inactivation background workers and schedule deferred inode
- * inactivation work if there is any.
+ * inactivation work if there is any.  Caller must hold sb->s_umount to
+ * coordinate changes in the inodegc_enabled state.

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