[PATCH v2 0/6] xfs: CPU usage optimizations for realtime allocator

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This is version 2 of my XFS realtime allocator opimization patch series.

Changes since v1 [1]:

- Fixed potential overflow in patch 4.
- Changed deprecated typedefs to normal struct names
- Fixed broken indentation
- Used xfs_fileoff_t instead of xfs_fsblock_t where appropriate.
- Added calls to xfs_rtbuf_cache_relse anywhere that the cache is used
  instead of relying on the buffers being dirtied and thus attached to
  the transaction.
- Clarified comments and commit messages in a few places.
- Added Darrick's Reviewed-bys.

Cover letter from v1:

Our distributed storage system uses XFS's realtime device support as a
way to split an XFS filesystem between an SSD and an HDD -- we configure
the HDD as the realtime device so that metadata goes on the SSD and data
goes on the HDD.

We've been running this in production for a few years now, so we have
some fairly fragmented filesystems. This has exposed various CPU
inefficiencies in the realtime allocator. These became even worse when
we experimented with using XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE to force files to be
allocated contiguously.

This series adds several optimizations that don't change the realtime
allocator's decisions, but make them happen more efficiently, mainly by
avoiding redundant work. We've tested these in production and measured
~10% lower CPU utilization. Furthermore, it made it possible to use
XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE to force contiguous allocations -- without these
patches, our most fragmented systems would become unresponsive due to
high CPU usage in the realtime allocator, but with them, CPU utilization
is actually ~4-6% lower than before, and disk I/O utilization is 15-20%

Patches 2 and 3 are preparations for later optimizations; the remaining
patches are the optimizations themselves.

1: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-xfs/cover.1687296675.git.osandov@xxxxxxxxxxx/

Omar Sandoval (6):
  xfs: cache last bitmap block in realtime allocator
  xfs: invert the realtime summary cache
  xfs: return maximum free size from xfs_rtany_summary()
  xfs: limit maxlen based on available space in
  xfs: don't try redundant allocations in xfs_rtallocate_extent_near()
  xfs: don't look for end of extent further than necessary in

 fs/xfs/libxfs/xfs_rtbitmap.c | 185 ++++++++++++++--------------
 fs/xfs/xfs_mount.h           |   6 +-
 fs/xfs/xfs_rtalloc.c         | 228 ++++++++++++++++-------------------
 fs/xfs/xfs_rtalloc.h         |  30 +++--
 4 files changed, 224 insertions(+), 225 deletions(-)


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