Re: [PATCH next v2 5/5] locking/osq_lock: Optimise decode_cpu() and per_cpu_ptr().

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On 12/31/23 16:55, David Laight wrote:
per_cpu_ptr() indexes __per_cpu_offset[] with the cpu number.
This requires the cpu number be 64bit.
However the value is osq_lock() comes from a 32bit xchg() and there
isn't a way of telling gcc the high bits are zero (they are) so
there will always be an instruction to clear the high bits.

The cpu number is also offset by one (to make the initialiser 0)
It seems to be impossible to get gcc to convert __per_cpu_offset[cpu_p1 - 1]
into (__per_cpu_offset - 1)[cpu_p1] (transferring the offset to the address).

Converting the cpu number to 32bit unsigned prior to the decrement means
that gcc knows the decrement has set the high bits to zero and doesn't
add a register-register move (or cltq) to zero/sign extend the value.

Not massive but saves two instructions.

Signed-off-by: David Laight <david.laight@xxxxxxxxxx>
  kernel/locking/osq_lock.c | 6 ++----
  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
index 35bb99e96697..37a4fa872989 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
@@ -29,11 +29,9 @@ static inline int encode_cpu(int cpu_nr)
  	return cpu_nr + 1;
-static inline struct optimistic_spin_node *decode_cpu(int encoded_cpu_val)
+static inline struct optimistic_spin_node *decode_cpu(unsigned int encoded_cpu_val)
-	int cpu_nr = encoded_cpu_val - 1;
-	return per_cpu_ptr(&osq_node, cpu_nr);
+	return per_cpu_ptr(&osq_node, encoded_cpu_val - 1);

You really like micro-optimization.


Reviewed-by: Waiman Long <longman@xxxxxxxxxx>

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