Re: [PATCH net-next v3] virtio_net: Introduce skb_vnet_common_hdr to avoid typecasting

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Hi Jason , MST

Could you help to review this patch ?  Any more comments?


On 2023-08-21 a.m.10:27, Feng Liu wrote:
The virtio_net driver currently deals with different versions and types
of virtio net headers, such as virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf,
virtio_net_hdr_v1_hash, etc. Due to these variations, the code relies
on multiple type casts to convert memory between different structures,
potentially leading to bugs when there are changes in these structures.

Introduces the "struct skb_vnet_common_hdr" as a unifying header
structure using a union. With this approach, various virtio net header
structures can be converted by accessing different members of this
structure, thus eliminating the need for type casting and reducing the
risk of potential bugs.

For example following code:
static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
		struct receive_queue *rq,
		struct page *page, unsigned int offset,
		unsigned int len, unsigned int truesize,
		unsigned int headroom)
	struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *hdr;
	hdr_len = vi->hdr_len;
	hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
	memcpy(hdr, hdr_p, hdr_len);

When VIRTIO_NET_F_HASH_REPORT feature is enabled, hdr_len = 20
But the sizeof(*hdr) is 12,
memcpy(hdr, hdr_p, hdr_len); will copy 20 bytes to the hdr,
which make a potential risk of bug. And this risk can be avoided by
introducing struct skb_vnet_common_hdr.

Change log
feedback from Willem de Bruijn <willemdebruijn.kernel@xxxxxxxxx>
feedback from Simon Horman <horms@xxxxxxxxxx>
1. change to use net-next tree.
2. move skb_vnet_common_hdr inside kernel file instead of the UAPI header.

feedback from Willem de Bruijn <willemdebruijn.kernel@xxxxxxxxx>
1. fix typo in commit message.
2. add original struct virtio_net_hdr into union
3. remove virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf variable in receive_buf;

Signed-off-by: Feng Liu <feliu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Pirko <jiri@xxxxxxxxxx>
  drivers/net/virtio_net.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
  1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
index 8e9f4cfe941f..8c74bc8cfe68 100644
--- a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
+++ b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
@@ -303,6 +303,14 @@ struct padded_vnet_hdr {
  	char padding[12];
+struct virtio_net_common_hdr {
+	union {
+		struct virtio_net_hdr hdr;
+		struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf	mrg_hdr;
+		struct virtio_net_hdr_v1_hash hash_v1_hdr;
+	};
  static void virtnet_rq_free_unused_buf(struct virtqueue *vq, void *buf);
  static void virtnet_sq_free_unused_buf(struct virtqueue *vq, void *buf);
@@ -344,9 +352,10 @@ static int rxq2vq(int rxq)
  	return rxq * 2;
-static inline struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *skb_vnet_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb)
+static inline struct virtio_net_common_hdr *
+skb_vnet_common_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb)
-	return (struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *)skb->cb;
+	return (struct virtio_net_common_hdr *)skb->cb;
@@ -469,7 +478,7 @@ static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
  				   unsigned int headroom)
  	struct sk_buff *skb;
-	struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *hdr;
+	struct virtio_net_common_hdr *hdr;
  	unsigned int copy, hdr_len, hdr_padded_len;
  	struct page *page_to_free = NULL;
  	int tailroom, shinfo_size;
@@ -554,7 +563,7 @@ static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
  		give_pages(rq, page);
-	hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
+	hdr = skb_vnet_common_hdr(skb);
  	memcpy(hdr, hdr_p, hdr_len);
  	if (page_to_free)
@@ -966,7 +975,7 @@ static struct sk_buff *receive_small_build_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
  		return NULL;
buf += header_offset;
-	memcpy(skb_vnet_hdr(skb), buf, vi->hdr_len);
+	memcpy(skb_vnet_common_hdr(skb), buf, vi->hdr_len);
return skb;
@@ -1577,7 +1586,7 @@ static void receive_buf(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct receive_queue *rq,
  	struct net_device *dev = vi->dev;
  	struct sk_buff *skb;
-	struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *hdr;
+	struct virtio_net_common_hdr *hdr;
if (unlikely(len < vi->hdr_len + ETH_HLEN)) {
  		pr_debug("%s: short packet %i\n", dev->name, len);
@@ -1597,9 +1606,9 @@ static void receive_buf(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct receive_queue *rq,
  	if (unlikely(!skb))
- hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
+	hdr = skb_vnet_common_hdr(skb);
  	if (dev->features & NETIF_F_RXHASH && vi->has_rss_hash_report)
-		virtio_skb_set_hash((const struct virtio_net_hdr_v1_hash *)hdr, skb);
+		virtio_skb_set_hash(&hdr->hash_v1_hdr, skb);
if (hdr->hdr.flags & VIRTIO_NET_HDR_F_DATA_VALID)
  		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
@@ -2105,7 +2114,7 @@ static int xmit_skb(struct send_queue *sq, struct sk_buff *skb)
  	if (can_push)
  		hdr = (struct virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf *)(skb->data - hdr_len);
-		hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
+		hdr = &skb_vnet_common_hdr(skb)->mrg_hdr;
if (virtio_net_hdr_from_skb(skb, &hdr->hdr,
  				    virtio_is_little_endian(vi->vdev), false,
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