Re: [PATCH RFC 4/4] vhost-vdpa: introduce IOTLB_PERSIST backend feature bit

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On 8/15/2023 6:48 PM, Jason Wang wrote:
On Wed, Aug 16, 2023 at 6:31 AM Si-Wei Liu <si-wei.liu@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On 8/14/2023 7:25 PM, Jason Wang wrote:
On Tue, Aug 15, 2023 at 9:45 AM Si-Wei Liu <si-wei.liu@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
Signed-off-by: Si-Wei Liu <si-wei.liu@xxxxxxxxxx>
   drivers/vhost/vdpa.c             | 16 +++++++++++++++-
   include/uapi/linux/vhost_types.h |  2 ++
   2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vdpa.c b/drivers/vhost/vdpa.c
index 62b0a01..75092a7 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/vdpa.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/vdpa.c
@@ -406,6 +406,14 @@ static bool vhost_vdpa_can_resume(const struct vhost_vdpa *v)
          return ops->resume;

+static bool vhost_vdpa_has_persistent_map(const struct vhost_vdpa *v)
+       struct vdpa_device *vdpa = v->vdpa;
+       const struct vdpa_config_ops *ops = vdpa->config;
+       return (!ops->set_map && !ops->dma_map) || ops->reset_map;
So this means the IOTLB/IOMMU mappings have already been decoupled
from the vdpa reset.
Not in the sense of API, it' been coupled since day one from the
implementations of every on-chip IOMMU parent driver, namely mlx5_vdpa
and vdpa_sim. Because of that, later on the (improper) support for
virtio-vdpa, from commit 6f5312f80183 ("vdpa/mlx5: Add support for
running with virtio_vdpa") and 6c3d329e6486 ("vdpa_sim: get rid of DMA
ops") misused the .reset() op to realize 1:1 mapping, rendering strong
coupling between device reset and reset of iotlb mappings. This series
try to rectify that implementation deficiency, while keep userspace
continuing to work with older kernel behavior.

   So it should have been noticed by the userspace.
Yes, userspace had noticed this no-chip IOMMU discrepancy since day one
I suppose. Unfortunately there's already code in userspace with this
assumption in mind that proactively tears down and sets up iotlb mapping
around vdpa device reset...
I guess we can just fix the simulator and mlx5 then we are fine?
Only IF we don't care about running new QEMU on older kernels with
flawed on-chip iommu behavior around reset. But that's a big IF...
So what I meant is:

Userspace doesn't know whether the vendor specific mappings (set_map)
are required or not. And in the implementation of vhost_vdpa, if
platform IOMMU is used, the mappings are decoupled from the reset. So
if the Qemu works with parents with platform IOMMU it means Qemu can
work if we just decouple vendor specific mappings from the parents
that uses set_map.
I was aware of this, and if you may notice I don't even offer a way backward to retain/emulate the flawed vhost-iotlb reset behavior for older userspace - I consider it more of a bug in .set_map driver implementation of its own rather than what the vhost-vdpa iotlb abstraction wishes to expose to userspace in the first place.

If you ever look into QEMU's vhost_vdpa_reset_status() function, you may see memory_listener_unregister() will be called to evict all of the existing iotlb mappings right after vhost_vdpa_reset_device() across device reset, and later on at vhost_vdpa_dev_start(), memory_listener_register() will set up all iotlb mappings again. In an ideal world without this on-chip iommu deficiency QEMU should not have to behave this way - this is what I mentioned earlier that userspace had already noticed the discrepancy and it has to "proactively tear down and set up iotlb mapping around vdpa device reset". Apparently from functionality perspective this trick works completely fine with platform IOMMU, however, it's sub-optimal in the performance perspective.

We can't simply fix QEMU by moving this memory_listener_unregister() call out of the reset path unconditionally, as we don't want to break the already-functioning older kernel even though it's suboptimal in performance. Instead, to keep new QEMU continuing to work on top of the existing or older kernels, QEMU has to check this IOTLB_PERSIST feature flag to decide whether it is safe not to bother flushing and setting up iotlb across reset. For the platform IOMMU case, vdpa parent driver won't implement either the .set_map or .dma_map op, so it should be covered in the vhost_vdpa_has_persistent_map() check I suppose.



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