Re: virtio-iommu hotplug issue

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On 4/13/23 13:01, Akihiko Odaki wrote:
> On 2023/04/13 19:40, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
>> Hello,
>> On Thu, Apr 13, 2023 at 01:49:43PM +0900, Akihiko Odaki wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> Recently I encountered a problem with the combination of Linux's
>>> virtio-iommu driver and QEMU when a SR-IOV virtual function gets
>>> disabled.
>>> I'd like to ask you what kind of solution is appropriate here and
>>> implement
>>> the solution if possible.
>>> A PCIe device implementing the SR-IOV specification exports a virtual
>>> function, and the guest can enable or disable it at runtime by
>>> writing to a
>>> configuration register. This effectively looks like a PCI device is
>>> hotplugged for the guest.
>> Just so I understand this better: the guest gets a whole PCIe device PF
>> that implements SR-IOV, and so the guest can dynamically create VFs? 
>> Out
>> of curiosity, is that a hardware device assigned to the guest with VFIO,
>> or a device emulated by QEMU?
> Yes, that's right. The guest can dynamically create and delete VFs.
> The device is emulated by QEMU: igb, an Intel NIC recently added to
> QEMU and projected to be released as part of QEMU 8.0.
>From below description In understand you then bind this emulated device
to VFIO on guest, correct?
>>> In such a case, the kernel assumes the endpoint is
>>> detached from the virtio-iommu domain, but QEMU actually does not
>>> detach it.
The QEMU virtio-iommu device executes commands from the virtio-iommu
driver and my understanding is the VFIO infra is not in trouble here. As
suggested by Jean, a detach command probably is missed.
>>> This inconsistent view of the removed device sometimes prevents the
>>> VM from
>>> correctly performing the following procedure, for example:
>>> 1. Enable a VF.
>>> 2. Disable the VF.
>>> 3. Open a vfio container.
>>> 4. Open the group which the PF belongs to.
>>> 5. Add the group to the vfio container.
>>> 6. Map some memory region.
>>> 7. Close the group.
>>> 8. Close the vfio container.
>>> 9. Repeat 3-8
>>> When the VF gets disabled, the kernel assumes the endpoint is
>>> detached from
>>> the IOMMU domain, but QEMU actually doesn't detach it. Later, the
>>> domain
>>> will be reused in step 3-8.
>>> In step 7, the PF will be detached, and the kernel thinks there is no
>>> endpoint attached and the mapping the domain holds is cleared, but
>>> the VF
>>> endpoint is still attached and the mapping is kept intact.
>>> In step 9, the same domain will be reused again, and the kernel
>>> requests to
>>> create a new mapping, but it will conflict with the existing mapping
>>> and
>>> result in -EINVAL.
>>> This problem can be fixed by either of:
>>> - requesting the detachment of the endpoint from the guest when the PCI
>>> device is unplugged (the VF is disabled)
>> Yes, I think this is an issue in the virtio-iommu driver, which
>> should be
>> sending a DETACH request when the VF is disabled, likely from
>> viommu_release_device(). I'll work on a fix unless you would like to
>> do it
> It will be nice if you prepare a fix. I will test your patch with my
> workload if you share it with me.

I can help testing too


> Regards,
> Akihiko Odaki
>>> - detecting that the PCI device is gone and automatically detach it on
>>> QEMU-side.
>>> It is not completely clear for me which solution is more appropriate
>>> as the
>>> virtio-iommu specification is written in a way independent of the
>>> endpoint
>>> mechanism and does not say what should be done when a PCI device is
>>> unplugged.
>> Yes, I'm not sure it's in scope for the specification, it's more about
>> software guidance
>> Thanks,
>> Jean

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