Re: [PATCH 4/5] evm: Use the real inode's metadata to calculate metadata hash

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On 2/1/24 07:10, Amir Goldstein wrote:
On Wed, Jan 31, 2024 at 7:46 PM Stefan Berger <stefanb@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On 1/31/24 12:23, Amir Goldstein wrote:
On Wed, Jan 31, 2024 at 5:54 PM Amir Goldstein <amir73il@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On Wed, Jan 31, 2024 at 4:40 PM Stefan Berger <stefanb@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On 1/31/24 08:16, Amir Goldstein wrote:
On Wed, Jan 31, 2024 at 4:11 AM Stefan Berger <stefanb@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

On 1/30/24 16:46, Stefan Berger wrote:
Changes to the file attribute (mode bits, uid, gid) on the lower layer
are not take into account when d_backing_inode() is used when a file is
accessed on the overlay layer and this file has not yet been copied up.
This is because d_backing_inode() does not return the real inode of the
lower layer but instead returns the backing inode which holds old file
attributes. When the old file attributes are used for calculating the
metadata hash then the expected hash is calculated and the file then
mistakenly passes signature verification. Therefore, use d_real_inode()
which returns the inode of the lower layer for as long as the file has
not been copied up and returns the upper layer's inode otherwise.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
     security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c | 2 +-
     1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c b/security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c
index b1ffd4cc0b44..2e48fe54e899 100644
--- a/security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c
+++ b/security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c
@@ -223,7 +223,7 @@ static int evm_calc_hmac_or_hash(struct dentry *dentry,
                                  size_t req_xattr_value_len,
                                  uint8_t type, struct evm_digest *data)
-     struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry);
+     struct inode *inode = d_real_inode(dentry);
         struct xattr_list *xattr;
         struct shash_desc *desc;
         size_t xattr_size = 0;

We need this patch when NOT activating CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_METACOPY but
when setting CONFIG_OVERLAY_FS_METACOPY=y it has to be reverted...  I am
not sure what the solution is.

I think d_real_inode() does not work correctly for all its current users for
a metacopy file.

I think the solution is to change d_real_inode() to return the data inode
and add another helper to get the metadata inode if needed.
I will post some patches for it.

I thought that we may have to go through vfs_getattr() but even better
if we don't because we don't have the file *file anywhere 'near'.

However, I must say that I do not know if evm_calc_hmac_or_hash()
needs the lower data inode, the upper metadata inode or both.

What it needs are data structures with mode bits, uid, and gid that stat
in userspace would show.

With or without metacopy enabled, an overlay inode st_uid st_gid st_mode
are always taken from the upper most inode which is what d_real_inode()
currently returns, so I do not understand what the problem is.

No, I was wrong. It is the other way around.
d_real_inode() always returns the real data inode and you need the
upper most real inode.

You can try this:

   -     struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry);
+     struct inode *inode = d_inode(d_real(dentry, false));

With the changes in:

Not thoroughly tested...

The change + 3 topmost patches cherry-picked is unfortunately are
crashing for me.

I will look into it.
But anyway, the patch I suggested above is not enough exactly because
of the reason I told you earlier.

Mimi's fix ("ima: detect changes to the backing overlay file") detects
a change in d_real_inode(file_dentry(file)) in order to invalidate the
IMA cache.

Your change also invalidates EVM cache on a change in
d_real_inode(file_dentry(file)) and that makes sense.

But on "meta copy up" for example on chmod(), an upper inode with no data
is created (a metacopy) and all the attributes and xattr are copied
from lower inode.
The data remains in the lower inode.

At this point , the IMA cache and the EVM cache refer to two different inodes

You mean they refer to different inodes because IMA cares about file content ("data remains in the lower inode:) and EVM cares about the metadata ("an upper inode with no data is created")? If so, I agree since the following line after copy-up with meatacopy enabled shows the proper GID is in the backing inode not the one return from d_real_inode(). If we knew that a meta copy has been done we could call d_backing_inode() in this case for access to mode bits, uid, and gid.

+       printk(KERN_INFO "real: GID: %d  backing: GID: %d\n",
+              from_kgid(&init_user_ns, d_real_inode(dentry)->i_gid),
+              from_kgid(&init_user_ns, d_backing_inode(dentry)->i_gid));

> so you cannot share the same logic with IMA cache invalidation.

I thought we we would have to share the same logic since IMA and EVM would have to refer to the same inode also since IMA and EVM are strongly connected. So the file_inode(file), which is typically used for finding the iint, should be the same 'high level' inode for both EVM and IMA I thought. A different inode could then be used for file data and metadata.

My patches are meant to provide you with a helper e.g. d_real_meta_inode()

The patch providing this isn't there yet in overlayfs-devel, right?

that you could use to get the upper inode in the case of a metacopy, but
IMA would still need to use the d_real_data_inode().

That would be fine since we are only changing EVM code in this case.

Is that explanation clear? Is it clear why I said that the problem is more

I think I understand it.



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