[PATCH v3 00/18] tracing: probeevent: Improve fetcharg features

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This is the 3rd version of the fetch-arg improvement series.
This includes variable changes on fetcharg framework like,

- Add fetcharg testcases (syntax, argN, symbol, string and array)
- Rewrite fetcharg framework with fetch_insn, switch-case based
  instead of function pointer.
- Add "symbol" type support, which shows symbol+offset instead of
  address value.
- Add "$argN" fetcharg, which fetches function parameters.
  (currently only for x86-64)
- Add array type support (including string arrary :) ) ,
  which enables to get fixed length array from probe-events.

V2 is here:

Changes from the v2 are here:

 - [1/18] Use kstrtol instead of kstrtoul. (Thanks Namhyung!)
 - [7/18][8/18] Split out probe type table unification.
 - [14/18] Show $arg<N> in README only when this feature is supported
 - [16/18] Use ip register instead of top of stack for symbol type test

Last 2 changes are for non x86 environment, I've tested on arm/arm64.

Here are examples:

o 'symbol' type

 # echo 'p vfs_read $stack0:symbol' > kprobe_events 
 # echo 1 > events/kprobes/p_vfs_read_0/enable 
 # tail -n 3 trace
              sh-729   [007] ...2   105.753637: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=SyS_read+0x42/0x90
            tail-736   [000] ...2   105.754904: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=kernel_read+0x2c/0x40
            tail-736   [000] ...2   105.754929: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=kernel_read+0x2c/0x40

o $argN 

 # echo 'p vfs_read $arg0 $arg1 $arg2' > kprobe_events
 # echo 1 > events/kprobes/p_vfs_read_0/enable 
 # tail -n 3 trace
              sh-726   [007] ...2   134.288973: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffff88001d98ec00 arg2=0x7ffeb4330f79 arg3=0x1
            tail-731   [000] ...2   134.289987: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffff88001d9dd200 arg2=0xffff88001d8a0a00 arg3=0x80
            tail-731   [000] ...2   134.290016: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffff88001d9dd200 arg2=0xffff88001faf4a00 arg3=0x150

o Array type

 # echo 'p vfs_read +0($stack):x64 +0($stack):x8[8]' > kprobe_events 
 # echo 1 > events/kprobes/p_vfs_read_0/enable 
 # tail -n 3 trace
              sh-729   [007] ...2    91.701664: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffffffff811b1252 arg2={0x52,0x12,0x1b,0x81,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff}
            tail-734   [000] ...2    91.702366: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffffffff811b0dec arg2={0xec,0xd,0x1b,0x81,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff}
            tail-734   [000] ...2    91.702386: p_vfs_read_0: (vfs_read+0x0/0x130) arg1=0xffffffff811b0dec arg2={0xec,0xd,0x1b,0x81,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff}
 # cat events/kprobes/p_vfs_read_0/format 
name: p_vfs_read_0
ID: 1069
	field:unsigned short common_type;	offset:0;	size:2;	signed:0;
	field:unsigned char common_flags;	offset:2;	size:1;	signed:0;
	field:unsigned char common_preempt_count;	offset:3;	size:1;	signed:0;
	field:int common_pid;	offset:4;	size:4;	signed:1;

	field:unsigned long __probe_ip;	offset:8;	size:8;	signed:0;
	field:u64 arg1;	offset:16;	size:0;	signed:0;
	field:u8 arg2[8];	offset:24;	size:8;	signed:0;

print fmt: "(%lx) arg1=0x%Lx arg2={0x%x,0x%x,0x%x,0x%x,0x%x,0x%x,0x%x,0x%x}", REC->__probe_ip, REC->arg1, REC->arg2[0], REC->arg2[1], REC->arg2[2], REC->arg2[3], REC->arg2[4], REC->arg2[5], REC->arg2[6], REC->arg2[7]

o String Array type

 # echo "p create_trace_kprobe arg1=+0(%si):string[3]" > kprobe_events 
 # echo test1 test2 test3 >> kprobe_events 
sh: write error: Invalid argument
 # echo 'p vfs_read $stack' >> kprobe_events 
 # tail -n 2 trace 
              sh-744   [007] ...1   183.382407: p_create_trace_kprobe_0: (create_trace_kprobe+0x0/0x890) arg1={"test1","test2","test3"}
              sh-744   [007] ...1   230.487809: p_create_trace_kprobe_0: (create_trace_kprobe+0x0/0x890) arg1={"p","vfs_read","$stack"}

Thank you,


Masami Hiramatsu (18):
      [BUGFIX] tracing: probeevent: Fix to support minus offset from symbol
      selftests: ftrace: Add probe event argument syntax testcase
      selftests: ftrace: Add a testcase for string type with kprobe_event
      tracing: probeevent: Cleanup print argument functions
      tracing: probeevent: Cleanup argument field definition
      tracing: probeevent: Remove NOKPROBE_SYMBOL from print functions
      tracing: probeevent: Introduce new argument fetching code
      tracing: probeevent: Unify fetch type tables
      tracing: probeevent: Return consumed bytes of dynamic area
      tracing: probeevent: Append traceprobe_ for exported function
      tracing: probeevent: Unify fetch_insn processing common part
      tracing: probeevent: Add symbol type
      x86: ptrace: Add function argument access API
      tracing: probeevent: Add $argN for accessing function args
      tracing: probeevent: Add array type support
      selftests: ftrace: Add a testcase for symbol type
      selftests: ftrace: Add a testcase for $argN with kprobe_event
      selftests: ftrace: Add a testcase for array type with kprobe_event

 Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.txt                |   26 +
 arch/Kconfig                                       |    7 
 arch/x86/Kconfig                                   |    1 
 arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h                      |   38 +
 kernel/trace/trace.c                               |    9 
 kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c                        |  366 ++++--------
 kernel/trace/trace_probe.c                         |  629 +++++++++-----------
 kernel/trace/trace_probe.h                         |  284 +++------
 kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h                    |  214 +++++++
 kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c                        |  168 ++---
 .../ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_argN.tc       |   25 +
 .../ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_array.tc      |   75 ++
 .../ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_string.tc     |   46 +
 .../ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_symbol.tc     |   77 ++
 .../ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_syntax.tc     |   97 +++
 15 files changed, 1171 insertions(+), 891 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_argN.tc
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_array.tc
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_string.tc
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_symbol.tc
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ftrace/test.d/kprobe/kprobe_args_syntax.tc

Masami Hiramatsu (Linaro) <mhiramat@xxxxxxxxxx>
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