[PATCH] Documentation: dev-tools: Add a section for static analysis tools

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Complement the Kernel Testing Guide documentation page by adding a
section about static analysis tools.

Signed-off-by: Marcelo Schmitt <marcelo.schmitt1@xxxxxxxxx>
Hey everyone,

I think this patch can be a good addition to the documentation as
discussed in the thread for the testing guide documentation page:
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-doc/CABVgOS=2iYtqTVdxwH=mcFpcSuLP4cpJ4s6PKP4Gc-SH6jidgQ@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx/

If you think it would be worth it, I can try making something more
elaborated. Maybe provide some guidance on when to use each tool.
I've been studying how Linux device drivers are tested.
Here's a post I wrote talking about some testing tools.
Link: https://marcelosc.gitlab.io/how-is-linux-tested/

Best regards,

 Documentation/dev-tools/testing-overview.rst | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 29 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/testing-overview.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/testing-overview.rst
index 65feb81edb14..b00511109a9d 100644
--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/testing-overview.rst
+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/testing-overview.rst
@@ -115,3 +115,32 @@ that none of these errors are occurring during the test.
 Some of these tools integrate with KUnit or kselftest and will
 automatically fail tests if an issue is detected.
+Static Analysis Tools
+In addition to testing a running kernel, one may also scout for bugs by
+analyzing the source code semantics. Three tools are well known for serving this
+Sparse can help test the kernel by performing type-checking, lock checking,
+value range checking, in addition to reporting various errors and warnings while
+examining the code. See the Documentation/dev-tools/sparse.rst documentation
+page for details on how to use it.
+Smatch extends Sparse and provides additional checks for programming logic
+mistakes such as missing breaks in switch statements, unused return values on
+error checking, forgetting to set an error code in the return of an error path,
+etc. Smatch also has tests against more serious issues such as integer
+overflows, null pointer dereferences, and memory leaks. See the project page at
+We also have Coccinelle as an option within static analyzers. Coccinelle is
+often used to aid collateral evolution of source code, but it can also help to
+avoid certain bugs that have been expressed semantically. The types of tests
+available include API tests, tests for correct usage of kernel iterators, checks
+for the soundness of free operations, analysis of locking behavior, and further
+tests known to help keep consistent kernel usage. See the
+Documentation/dev-tools/coccinelle.rst documentation page for details.
+These static analysis tools support running tests on the whole source tree or
+over a specific file or directory.

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