[PATCH 14/15] drivers, net, ppp: convert syncppp.refcnt from atomic_t to refcount_t

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atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable syncppp.refcnt is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@xxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@xxxxxxxxx>
 drivers/net/ppp/ppp_synctty.c | 11 ++++++-----
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_synctty.c b/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_synctty.c
index 7868c29..7196f00 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_synctty.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ppp/ppp_synctty.c
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -72,7 +73,7 @@ struct syncppp {
 	struct tasklet_struct tsk;
-	atomic_t	refcnt;
+	refcount_t	refcnt;
 	struct completion dead_cmp;
 	struct ppp_channel chan;	/* interface to generic ppp layer */
@@ -141,14 +142,14 @@ static struct syncppp *sp_get(struct tty_struct *tty)
 	ap = tty->disc_data;
 	if (ap != NULL)
-		atomic_inc(&ap->refcnt);
+		refcount_inc(&ap->refcnt);
 	return ap;
 static void sp_put(struct syncppp *ap)
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ap->refcnt))
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&ap->refcnt))
@@ -182,7 +183,7 @@ ppp_sync_open(struct tty_struct *tty)
 	tasklet_init(&ap->tsk, ppp_sync_process, (unsigned long) ap);
-	atomic_set(&ap->refcnt, 1);
+	refcount_set(&ap->refcnt, 1);
 	ap->chan.private = ap;
@@ -232,7 +233,7 @@ ppp_sync_close(struct tty_struct *tty)
 	 * our channel ops (i.e. ppp_sync_send/ioctl) are in progress
 	 * by the time it returns.
-	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ap->refcnt))
+	if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&ap->refcnt))

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