Re: [PATCH v8 2/2] lib: checksum: Use aligned accesses for ip_fast_csum and csum_ipv6_magic tests

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On 2/14/24 13:41, Charlie Jenkins wrote:
The test cases for ip_fast_csum and csum_ipv6_magic were failing on a
variety of architectures that are big endian or do not support
misalgined accesses. Both of these test cases are changed to support big
and little endian architectures.

The test for ip_fast_csum is changed to align the data along (14 +
NET_IP_ALIGN) bytes which is the alignment of an IP header. The test for
csum_ipv6_magic aligns the data using a struct. An extra padding field
is added to the struct to ensure that the size of the struct is the same
on all architectures (44 bytes).

The test for csum_ipv6_magic somewhat arbitrarily aligned saddr and
daddr. This would fail on parisc64 due to the following code snippet in

add		%4, %0, %0\n"
ldd,ma		8(%1), %6\n"
ldd,ma		8(%2), %7\n"
add,dc		%5, %0, %0\n"

The second add is expecting carry flags from the first add. Normally,
a double word load (ldd) does not modify the carry flags. However,
because saddr and daddr may be misaligned, ldd triggers a misalignment
trap that gets handled in arch/parisc/kernel/unaligned.c. This causes
many additional instructions to be executed between the two adds. This
can be easily solved by adding the carry into %0 before executing the

I really think this is a bug either in the trap handler or in the hppa64
qemu emulation. Only unaligned ldd instructions affect (actually,
unconditionally set) the carry flag. That doesn't happen with unaligned
ldw instructions. It would be worthwhile tracking this down since there are
lots of unaligned data accesses (8-byte accesses on 4-byte aligned addresses)
when running the kernel in 64-bit mode. On the other side, I guess this
is a different problem. Not sure though if that should even be mentioned
here since that makes it sound as if it would be expected that such
accesses impact the carry flag.

However, that is not necessary since ipv6 headers should always be
aligned on a 16-byte boundary on parisc since NET_IP_ALIGN is set to 2
and the ethernet header size is 14.

Architectures that set NET_IP_ALIGN to 0 must support misaligned saddr
and daddr, but that is not tested here.

Fixes: 6f4c45cbcb00 ("kunit: Add tests for csum_ipv6_magic and ip_fast_csum")
Signed-off-by: Charlie Jenkins <charlie@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

I'll run this through my test system and let you know how it goes.
It should be done in a couple of hours.


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