[PATCH RFC 00/17] Solve iommu probe races around iommu_fwspec

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This is a more complete solution that the first attempt here:

I haven't been able to test this on any HW that touches these paths, so if
some people with HW can help get it in shape it can become non-RFC.

The iommu subsystem uses dev->iommu to store bits of information about the
attached iommu driver. This has been co-opted by the ACPI/OF code to also
be a place to pass around the iommu_fwspec before a driver is probed.

Since both are using the same pointers without any locking it triggers
races if there is concurrent driver loading:

     CPU0                                     CPU1
of_iommu_configure()                iommu_device_register()
 ..                                   bus_iommu_probe()
  iommu_fwspec_of_xlate()              __iommu_probe_device()
                                          .. ops->probe fails, no fwspec ..
   dev->iommu->fwspec    *crash*

My first attempt get correct locking here was to use the device_lock to
protect the entire *_iommu_configure() and iommu_probe() paths. This
allowed safe use of dev->iommu within those paths. Unfortuately enough
drivers abuse the of_iommu_configure() flow without proper locking and
this approach failed.

This approach removes touches of dev->iommu from the *_iommu_configure()
code. The few remaining required touches are moved into iommu.c and
protected with the existing iommu_probe_device_lock.

To do this we change *_iommu_configure() to hold the iommu_fwspec on the
stack while it is being built. Once it is fully formed the core code will
install it into the dev->iommu when it calls probe.

This also removes all the touches of iommu_ops from
the *_iommu_configure() paths and makes that mechanism private to the
iommu core.

A few more lockdep assertions are added to discourage future mis-use.

This is on github: https://github.com/jgunthorpe/linux/commits/iommu_fwspec

Jason Gunthorpe (17):
  iommu: Remove struct iommu_ops *iommu from arch_setup_dma_ops()
  of: Do not return struct iommu_ops from of_iommu_configure()
  of: Use -ENODEV consistently in of_iommu_configure()
  acpi: Do not return struct iommu_ops from acpi_iommu_configure_id()
  iommu: Make iommu_fwspec->ids a distinct allocation
  iommu: Add iommu_fwspec_alloc/dealloc()
  iommu: Add iommu_probe_device_fwspec()
  of: Do not use dev->iommu within of_iommu_configure()
  iommu: Add iommu_fwspec_append_ids()
  acpi: Do not use dev->iommu within acpi_iommu_configure()
  iommu: Hold iommu_probe_device_lock while calling ops->of_xlate
  iommu: Make iommu_ops_from_fwnode() static
  iommu: Remove dev_iommu_fwspec_set()
  iommu: Remove pointless iommu_fwspec_free()
  iommu: Add ops->of_xlate_fwspec()
  iommu: Mark dev_iommu_get() with lockdep
  iommu: Mark dev_iommu_priv_set() with a lockdep

 arch/arc/mm/dma.c                           |   2 +-
 arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping-nommu.c             |   2 +-
 arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c                   |  10 +-
 arch/arm64/mm/dma-mapping.c                 |   4 +-
 arch/mips/mm/dma-noncoherent.c              |   2 +-
 arch/riscv/mm/dma-noncoherent.c             |   2 +-
 drivers/acpi/arm64/iort.c                   |  39 ++--
 drivers/acpi/scan.c                         | 104 +++++----
 drivers/acpi/viot.c                         |  44 ++--
 drivers/hv/hv_common.c                      |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/amd/iommu.c                   |   2 -
 drivers/iommu/apple-dart.c                  |   1 -
 drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c |   9 +-
 drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu/arm-smmu.c       |  23 +-
 drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c                 |   2 -
 drivers/iommu/iommu.c                       | 227 +++++++++++++++-----
 drivers/iommu/of_iommu.c                    | 129 +++++------
 drivers/iommu/omap-iommu.c                  |   1 -
 drivers/iommu/tegra-smmu.c                  |   1 -
 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c                |   8 +-
 drivers/of/device.c                         |  24 ++-
 include/acpi/acpi_bus.h                     |   8 +-
 include/linux/acpi_iort.h                   |   3 +-
 include/linux/acpi_viot.h                   |   5 +-
 include/linux/dma-map-ops.h                 |   4 +-
 include/linux/iommu.h                       |  46 ++--
 include/linux/of_iommu.h                    |  13 +-
 27 files changed, 417 insertions(+), 300 deletions(-)

base-commit: ab41f1aafb43c2555b358147b14b4d7b8105b452

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