[WIP 0/3] Memory model and atomic API in Rust

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Since I see more and more Rust code is comming in, I feel like this
should be sent sooner rather than later, so here is a WIP to open the
discussion and get feedback.

One of the most important questions we need to answer is: which
memory (ordering) model we should use when developing Rust in Linux
kernel, given Rust has its own memory ordering model[1]. I had some
discussion with Rust language community to understand their position
on this:


My takeaway from these discussions, along with other offline discussion
is that supporting two memory models is challenging for both correctness
reasoning (some one needs to provide a model) and implementation (one
model needs to be aware of the other model). So that's not wise to do
(at least at the beginning). So the most reasonable option to me is:

	we only use LKMM for Rust code in kernel (i.e. avoid using
	Rust's own atomic).

Because kernel developers are more familiar with LKMM and when Rust code
interacts with C code, it has to use the model that C code uses.

And this patchset is the result of that option. I introduced an atomic
library to wrap and implement LKMM atomics (of course, given it's a WIP,
so it's unfinished). Things to notice:

* I know I could use Rust macro to generate the whole set of atomics,
  but I choose not to in the beginning, as I want to make it easier to

* Very likely, we will only have AtomicI32, AtomicI64 and AtomicUsize
  (i.e no atomic for bool, u8, u16, etc), with limited support for
  atomic load and store on 8/16 bits.

* I choose to re-implement atomics in Rust `asm` because we are still
  figuring out how we can make it easy and maintainable for Rust to call
  a C function _inlinely_ (Gary makes some progress [2]). Otherwise,
  atomic primitives would be function calls, and that can be performance
  bottleneck in a few cases.

* I only have two API implemented and two architecture supported yet,
  the complete support surely can be added when everyone is on the same

Any suggestion, question, review, help is welcome!


[1]: https://doc.rust-lang.org/std/sync/atomic/#memory-model-for-atomic-accesses
[2]: https://rust-for-linux.zulipchat.com/#narrow/stream/288089-General/topic/LTO.20Rust.20modules.20with.20C.20helpers/near/425361365

Boqun Feng (3):
  rust: Introduce atomic module
  rust: atomic: Add ARM64 fetch_add_relaxed()
  rust: atomic: Add fetch_sub_release()

 rust/kernel/sync.rs                   |  1 +
 rust/kernel/sync/atomic.rs            | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch.rs       | 15 +++++++
 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch/arm64.rs | 46 +++++++++++++++++++
 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch/x86.rs   | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 175 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/atomic.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch/arm64.rs
 create mode 100644 rust/kernel/sync/atomic/arch/x86.rs


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