[Bug 218820] New: The empty file occupies incorrect blocks

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            Bug ID: 218820
           Summary: The empty file occupies incorrect blocks
           Product: File System
           Version: 2.5
          Hardware: All
                OS: Linux
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P3
         Component: ext4
          Assignee: fs_ext4@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
          Reporter: zhangchi_seg@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
        Regression: No

Created attachment 306275
  --> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=306275&action=edit


I mounted an ext4 image, created a file, and wrote to it, but the blocks
occupied by this file were incorrect after I `truncate` it. I can reproduce
this with the latest linux kernel

The following is the triggering script:
dd if=/dev/zero of=ext4-0.img bs=1M count=120
mkfs.ext4 ext4-0.img
g++ -static reproduce.c
losetup /dev/loop0 ext4-0.img
mkdir /root/mnt
stat /root/mnt/a

After run the script, you will get the following outputs:
  File: /root/mnt/a
  Size: 0               Blocks: 82         IO Block: 1024   regular empty file
Device: 700h/1792d      Inode: 12          Links: 1
Access: (0755/-rwxr-xr-x)  Uid: (    0/    root)   Gid: (    0/    root)
Context: system_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0
Access: 2024-05-08 11:47:48.000000000 +0000
Modify: 2024-05-08 11:47:48.000000000 +0000
Change: 2024-05-08 11:47:48.000000000 +0000
 Birth: -

The size of file `a` is 0, yet it occupies 82 blocks. Normally, it should only
occupy 2 blocks.

The contents of `reproduce.c` :
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <dirent.h>

#include <string>

#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/xattr.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/statfs.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#define ALIGN 4096

void* align_alloc(size_t size) {
    void *ptr = NULL;
    int ret = posix_memalign(&ptr, ALIGN, size);
    if (ret) {
      printf("align error\n");
    return ptr;

int main()
    mount("/dev/loop0", "/root/mnt", "ext4", 0, "");

    creat("/root/mnt/a", S_IRWXU | S_IRWXG | S_IROTH | S_IXOTH);
    int fd = open("/root/mnt/a", O_RDWR);
    mount(NULL, "/root/mnt/", NULL, MS_REMOUNT, "nodelalloc");

    char *buf = (char*)align_alloc(4096*20);
    memset(buf, 'a' + 15, 4096*20);
    write(fd, buf, 4096*10);

    truncate("/root/mnt/a", 0);
    return 0;

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