Re: [PATCH v7 00/16] power: sequencing: implement the subsystem and add first users

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On Wed, 10 Apr 2024 at 18:16, Bartosz Golaszewski <brgl@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> From: Bartosz Golaszewski <bartosz.golaszewski@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Problem statement #1: Dynamic bus chicken-and-egg problem.
> Certain on-board PCI devices need to be powered up before they are can be
> detected but their PCI drivers won't get bound until the device is
> powered-up so enabling the relevant resources in the PCI device driver
> itself is impossible.
> Problem statement #2: Sharing inter-dependent resources between devices.
> Certain devices that use separate drivers (often on different busses)
> share resources (regulators, clocks, etc.). Typically these resources
> are reference-counted but in some cases there are additional interactions
> between them to consider, for example specific power-up sequence timings.
> ===
> The reason for tackling both of these problems in a single series is the
> fact the the platform I'm working on - Qualcomm RB5 - deals with both and
> both need to be addressed in order to enable WLAN and Bluetooth support
> upstream.
> The on-board WLAN/BT package - QCA6391 - has a Power Management Unit that
> takes inputs from the host and exposes LDO outputs consumed by the BT and
> WLAN modules which can be powered-up and down independently. However
> a delay of 100ms must be respected between enabling the BT- and
> WLAN-enable GPIOs.
> A similar design with a discreet PMU is also employed in other models of
> the WCN family of chips although we can often do without the delays. With
> this series we add support for the WCN7850 as well.
> ===
> We introduce a new subsystem here - the power sequencing framework. The
> qcom-wcn driver that we add is its first user. It implements the power-up
> sequences for QCA6390 and WCN7850 chips. However - we only use it to
> power-up the bluetooth module in the former. We use it to driver the WLAN
> modules in both. The reason for this is that for WCN7850 we have
> comprehensive bindings already upstream together with existing DT users.
> Porting them to using the pwrseq subsystem can be done separately and in
> an incremental manner once the subsystem itself is upstream. We will also
> have to ensure backward DT compatibility. To avoid overcomplicating this
> series, let's leave it out for now.
> ===
> This series is logically split into several sections. I'll go
> patch-by-patch and explain each step.
> Patches 1/16-5/16:
> These contain all relevant DT bindings changes. We add new documents for
> the QCA6390 & WCN7850 PMUs and ATH12K devices as well as extend the bindings
> for the Qualcomm Bluetooth and ATH11K modules with regulators used by them
> in QCA6390.
> Patches 6/16-8/16:
> These contain changes to device-tree sources for the three platforms we
> work with in this series. We model the PMUs of the WLAN/BT chips as
> top-level platform devices on the device tree. In order to limit the scope
> of this series and not introduce an excessive amount of confusion with
> deprecating DT bindings, we leave the Bluetooth nodes on sm8650 and sm8550
> as is (meaning: they continue to consumer the GPIOs and power inputs from
> the host). As the WCN7850 module doesn't require any specific timings, we can
> incrementally change that later.
> In both cases we add WLAN nodes that consume the power outputs of the PMU.
> For QCA6390 we also make the Bluetooth node of the RB5 consume the outputs
> of the PMU - we can do it as the bindings for this chip did not define any
> supply handles prior to this series meaning we are able to get this correct
> right away.
> Patches 9/16-12/16:
> These contain the bulk of the PCI changes for this series. We introduce
> a simple framework for powering up PCI devices before detecting them on
> the bus.
> The general approach is as follows: PCI devices that need special
> treatment before they can be powered up, scanned and bound to their PCI
> drivers must be described on the device-tree as child nodes of the PCI
> port node. These devices will be instantiated on the platform bus. They
> will in fact be generic platform devices with the compatible of the form
> used for PCI devices already upstream ("pci<vendor ID>,<device ID">). We
> add a new directory under drivers/pci/pwrctl/ that contains PCI pwrctl
> drivers. These drivers are platform drivers that will now be matched
> against the devices instantiated from port children just like any other
> platform pairs.
> Both the power control platform device *AND* the associated PCI device
> reuse the same OF node and have access to the same properties. The goal
> of the platform driver is to request and bring up any required resources
> and let the pwrctl framework know that it's now OK to rescan the bus and
> detect the devices. When the device is bound, we are notified about it
> by the PCI bus notifier event and can establish a device link between the
> power control device and the PCI device so that any future extension for
> power-management will already be able to work with the correct hierachy.
> The reusing of the OF node is the reason for the small changes to the PCI
> OF core: as the bootloader can possibly leave the relevant regulators on
> before booting linux, the PCI device can be detected before its platform
> abstraction is probed. In this case, we find that device first and mark
> its OF node as reused. The pwrctl framework handles the opposite case
> (when the PCI device is detected only after the platform driver
> successfully enabled it).
> Patch 13/16 - 14/16:
> These add a relatively simple power sequencing subsystem and the first
> driver using it: the pwrseq module for the PMUs on the WCN family of chips.
> I'm proposing to add a subsystem that allows different devices to use a shared
> power sequence split into consumer-specific as well as common "units".
> A power sequence provider driver registers a set of units with pwrseq
> core. Each unit can be enabled and disabled and contains an optional list
> of other units which must be enabled before it itself can be. A unit
> represents a discreet chunk of the power sequence.
> It also registers a list of targets: a target is an abstraction wrapping
> a unit which allows consumers to tell pwrseq which unit they want to
> reach. Real-life example is the driver we're adding here: there's a set
> of common regulators, two PCIe-specific ones and two enable GPIOs: one
> for Bluetooth and one for WLAN.
> The Bluetooth driver requests a descriptor to the power sequencer and
> names the target it wants to reach:
>     pwrseq = devm_pwrseq_get(dev, "bluetooth");
> The pwrseq core then knows that when the driver calls:
>     pwrseq_power_on(pwrseq);
> It must enable the "bluetooth-enable" unit but it depends on the
> "regulators-common" unit so this one is enabled first. The provider
> driver is also in charge of assuring an appropriate delay between
> enabling the BT and WLAN enable GPIOs. The WLAN-specific resources are
> handled by the "wlan-enable" unit and so are not enabled until the WLAN
> driver requests the "wlan" target to be powered on.
> Another thing worth discussing is the way we associate the consumer with
> the relevant power sequencer. DT maintainers have expressed a discontent
> with the existing mmc pwrseq bindings and have NAKed an earlier
> initiative to introduce global pwrseq bindings to the kernel[1].
> In this approach, we model the existing regulators and GPIOs in DT but
> the pwrseq subsystem requires each provider to provide a .match()
> callback. Whenever a consumer requests a power sequencer handle, we
> iterate over the list of pwrseq drivers and call .match() for each. It's
> up to the driver to verify in a platform-specific way whether it deals
> with its consumer and let the core pwrseq code know.
> The advantage of this over reusing the regulator or reset subsystem is
> that it's more generalized and can handle resources of all kinds as well
> as deal with any kind of power-on sequences: for instance, Qualcomm has
> a PCI switch they want a driver for but this switch requires enabling
> some resources first (PCI pwrctl) and then configuring the device over
> I2C (which can be handled by the pwrseq provider).
> Patch 15:
> This patch makes the Qualcomm Bluetooth driver get and use the power
> sequencer for QCA6390.
> Patch 16:
> While tiny, this patch is possibly the highlight of the entire series.
> It uses the two abstraction layers we introduced before to create an
> elegant power sequencing PCI power control driver and supports the ath11k
> module on QCA6390 and ath12k on WCN7850.
> With this series we can now enable BT and WLAN on several new Qualcomm
> boards upstream.
> Tested on RB5, sm8650-qrd and sm8550-qrd.

Tested WiFi-BT on sm8550-hdk running AOSP with a DT patch similar to
sm8550-qrd from this series.

Tested-by: Amit Pundir <amit.pundir@xxxxxxxxxx>

Amit Pundir

> Changelog:
> Since v6:
> - kernel doc fixes
> - drop myself from the DT bindings maintainers list for ath12k
> - wait until the PCI bridge device is fully added before creating the
>   PCI pwrctl platform devices for its sub-nodes, otherwise we may see
>   sysfs and procfs attribute failures (due to duplication, we're
>   basically trying to probe the same device twice at the same time)
> - I kept the regulators for QCA6390's ath11k as required as they only
>   apply to this specific Qualcomm package
> Since v5:
> - unify the approach to modelling the WCN WLAN/BT chips by always exposing
>   the PMU node on the device tree and making the WLAN and BT nodes become
>   consumers of its power outputs; this includes a major rework of the DT
>   sources, bindings and driver code; there's no more a separate PCI
>   pwrctl driver for WCN7850, instead its power-up sequence was moved
>   into the pwrseq driver common for all WCN chips
> - don't set load_uA from new regulator consumers
> - fix reported kerneldoc issues
> - drop voltage ranges for PMU outputs from DT
> - many minor tweaks and reworks
> v1: Original RFC:
> v2: First real patch series (should have been PATCH v2) adding what I
>     referred to back then as PCI power sequencing:
> v3: RFC for the DT representation of the PMU supplying the WLAN and BT
>     modules inside the QCA6391 package (was largely separate from the
>     series but probably should have been called PATCH or RFC v3):
> v4: Second attempt at the full series with changed scope (introduction of
>     the pwrseq subsystem, should have been RFC v4)
> v5: Two different ways of handling QCA6390 and WCN7850:
> Bartosz Golaszewski (16):
>   regulator: dt-bindings: describe the PMU module of the QCA6390 package
>   regulator: dt-bindings: describe the PMU module of the WCN7850 package
>   dt-bindings: net: bluetooth: qualcomm: describe regulators for QCA6390
>   dt-bindings: net: wireless: qcom,ath11k: describe the ath11k on
>     QCA6390
>   dt-bindings: net: wireless: describe the ath12k PCI module
>   arm64: dts: qcom: sm8550-qrd: add the Wifi node
>   arm64: dts: qcom: sm8650-qrd: add the Wifi node
>   arm64: dts: qcom: qrb5165-rb5: add the Wifi node
>   PCI: hold the rescan mutex when scanning for the first time
>   PCI/pwrctl: reuse the OF node for power controlled devices
>   PCI/pwrctl: create platform devices for child OF nodes of the port
>     node
>   PCI/pwrctl: add PCI power control core code
>   power: sequencing: implement the pwrseq core
>   power: pwrseq: add a driver for the PMU module on the QCom WCN
>     chipsets
>   Bluetooth: qca: use the power sequencer for QCA6390
>   PCI/pwrctl: add a PCI power control driver for power sequenced devices
>  .../net/bluetooth/qualcomm-bluetooth.yaml     |   17 +
>  .../net/wireless/qcom,ath11k-pci.yaml         |   46 +
>  .../bindings/net/wireless/qcom,ath12k.yaml    |   99 ++
>  .../bindings/regulator/qcom,qca6390-pmu.yaml  |  185 +++
>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    8 +
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/qrb5165-rb5.dts      |  103 +-
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8250.dtsi          |   10 +
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8550-qrd.dts       |   97 ++
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8550.dtsi          |   10 +
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8650-qrd.dts       |   89 ++
>  arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8650.dtsi          |   10 +
>  drivers/bluetooth/hci_qca.c                   |   74 +-
>  drivers/pci/Kconfig                           |    1 +
>  drivers/pci/Makefile                          |    1 +
>  drivers/pci/bus.c                             |    9 +
>  drivers/pci/of.c                              |   14 +-
>  drivers/pci/probe.c                           |    2 +
>  drivers/pci/pwrctl/Kconfig                    |   17 +
>  drivers/pci/pwrctl/Makefile                   |    6 +
>  drivers/pci/pwrctl/core.c                     |  137 +++
>  drivers/pci/pwrctl/pci-pwrctl-pwrseq.c        |   89 ++
>  drivers/pci/remove.c                          |    2 +
>  drivers/power/Kconfig                         |    1 +
>  drivers/power/Makefile                        |    1 +
>  drivers/power/sequencing/Kconfig              |   28 +
>  drivers/power/sequencing/Makefile             |    6 +
>  drivers/power/sequencing/core.c               | 1065 +++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/power/sequencing/pwrseq-qcom-wcn.c    |  336 ++++++
>  include/linux/pci-pwrctl.h                    |   51 +
>  include/linux/pwrseq/consumer.h               |   56 +
>  include/linux/pwrseq/provider.h               |   75 ++
>  31 files changed, 2615 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/wireless/qcom,ath12k.yaml
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/regulator/qcom,qca6390-pmu.yaml
>  create mode 100644 drivers/pci/pwrctl/Kconfig
>  create mode 100644 drivers/pci/pwrctl/Makefile
>  create mode 100644 drivers/pci/pwrctl/core.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/pci/pwrctl/pci-pwrctl-pwrseq.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/power/sequencing/Kconfig
>  create mode 100644 drivers/power/sequencing/Makefile
>  create mode 100644 drivers/power/sequencing/core.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/power/sequencing/pwrseq-qcom-wcn.c
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/pci-pwrctl.h
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/pwrseq/consumer.h
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/pwrseq/provider.h
> --
> 2.40.1

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