Re: [PATCH v2 43/47] mm: shrinker: add a secondary array for shrinker_info::{map, nr_deferred}

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> On Jul 24, 2023, at 17:43, Qi Zheng <zhengqi.arch@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Currently, we maintain two linear arrays per node per memcg, which are
> shrinker_info::map and shrinker_info::nr_deferred. And we need to resize
> them when the shrinker_nr_max is exceeded, that is, allocate a new array,
> and then copy the old array to the new array, and finally free the old
> array by RCU.
> For shrinker_info::map, we do set_bit() under the RCU lock, so we may set
> the value into the old map which is about to be freed. This may cause the
> value set to be lost. The current solution is not to copy the old map when
> resizing, but to set all the corresponding bits in the new map to 1. This
> solves the data loss problem, but bring the overhead of more pointless
> loops while doing memcg slab shrink.
> For shrinker_info::nr_deferred, we will only modify it under the read lock
> of shrinker_rwsem, so it will not run concurrently with the resizing. But
> after we make memcg slab shrink lockless, there will be the same data loss
> problem as shrinker_info::map, and we can't work around it like the map.
> For such resizable arrays, the most straightforward idea is to change it
> to xarray, like we did for list_lru [1]. We need to do xa_store() in the
> list_lru_add()-->set_shrinker_bit(), but this will cause memory
> allocation, and the list_lru_add() doesn't accept failure. A possible
> solution is to pre-allocate, but the location of pre-allocation is not
> well determined.
> Therefore, this commit chooses to introduce a secondary array for
> shrinker_info::{map, nr_deferred}, so that we only need to copy this
> secondary array every time the size is resized. Then even if we get the
> old secondary array under the RCU lock, the found map and nr_deferred are
> also true, so no data is lost.
> [1].
> Signed-off-by: Qi Zheng <zhengqi.arch@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Reviewed-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

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