Re: [PATCH v13 35/53] ALSA: usb-audio: Prevent starting of audio stream if in use

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Hi Takashi,

On 2/6/2024 5:07 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
On Sat, 03 Feb 2024 03:36:27 +0100,
Wesley Cheng wrote:

With USB audio offloading, an audio session is started from the ASoC
platform sound card and PCM devices.  Likewise, the USB SND path is still
readily available for use, in case the non-offload path is desired.  In
order to prevent the two entities from attempting to use the USB bus,
introduce a flag that determines when either paths are in use.

If a PCM device is already in use, the check will return an error to
userspace notifying that the stream is currently busy.  This ensures that
only one path is using the USB substream.

Signed-off-by: Wesley Cheng <quic_wcheng@xxxxxxxxxxx>

Hm, I'm not sure whether it's safe to hold chip->mutex there for the
long code path.  It even kicks off the auto-resume, which may call
various functions at resuming, and some of them may re-hold

That's a good point.

If it's only about the open flag, protect only the flag access with
the mutex, not covering the all open function.  At least the re-entry
can be avoided by that.

Sure, let me re-order the check/assignment and the mutex locking. Since this is now checked here in USB PCM and the QC offload driver, we want to make sure that if there was some application attempting to open both at the same time, we prevent any possible races.

I think the best way to address this would be something like:

static int snd_usb_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
	if (subs->opened) {
		return -EBUSY;
	subs->opened = 1;

//Execute bulk of PCM open routine
	return 0;

// If any errors are seen, unwind
	subs->opened = 0;

	return ret;

Set the opened flag first, so that if QC offload checks it, it can exit early and vice versa. Otherwise, if we set the opened flag at the same position as the previous patch, we may be calling the other routines in parallel to the QC offload enable stream routine. The only thing with this patch is that we'd need some error handling unwinding.

Wesley Cheng

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