[PATCH v5 18/39] mm: Handle faultless write upgrades for shstk

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The x86 Control-flow Enforcement Technology (CET) feature includes a new
type of memory called shadow stack. This shadow stack memory has some
unusual properties, which requires some core mm changes to function

Since shadow stack memory can be changed from userspace, is both
VM_SHADOW_STACK and VM_WRITE. But it should not be made conventionally
writable (i.e. pte_mkwrite()). So some code that calls pte_mkwrite() needs
to be adjusted.

One such case is when memory is made writable without an actual write
fault. This happens in some mprotect operations, and also prot_numa faults.
In both cases code checks whether it should be made (conventionally)
writable by calling vma_wants_manual_pte_write_upgrade().

One way to fix this would be have code actually check if memory is also
VM_SHADOW_STACK and in that case call pte_mkwrite_shstk(). But since
most memory won't be shadow stack, just have simpler logic and skip this
optimization by changing vma_wants_manual_pte_write_upgrade() to not
return true for VM_SHADOW_STACK_MEMORY. This will simply handle all
cases of this type.

Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@xxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Pengfei Xu <pengfei.xu@xxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: John Allen <john.allen@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@xxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@xxxxxxxxx>

 - Update solution after the recent removal of pte_savedwrite()

 - Add "why" to comments in code (Peterz)

Yu-cheng v25:
 - Move is_shadow_stack_mapping() to a separate line.

Yu-cheng v24:
 - Change arch_shadow_stack_mapping() to is_shadow_stack_mapping().

 include/linux/mm.h | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index e15d2fc04007..139a682d243b 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2181,7 +2181,7 @@ static inline bool vma_wants_manual_pte_write_upgrade(struct vm_area_struct *vma
 	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
 		return vma_wants_writenotify(vma, vma->vm_page_prot);
-	return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE);
+	return (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHADOW_STACK);
 bool can_change_pte_writable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,

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