Re: [PATCH v7 00/16] ACPI/arm64: add support for virtual cpu hotplug

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On Thu, Apr 18, 2024 at 3:54 PM Jonathan Cameron
<Jonathan.Cameron@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Whilst it is a bit quick after v6, a couple of critical issues
> were pointed out by Russell, Salil and Rafael + one build issue
> had been missed, so it seems sensible to make sure those conducting
> testing or further review have access to a fixed version.
> v7:
>   - Fix misplaced config guard that broke bisection.
>   - Greatly simplify the condition on which we call
>     acpi_processor_hotadd_init().
>   - Improve teardown ordering.

Thank you for the update!

>From a quick look, patches [01-08/16] appear to be good now, but I'll
do a more detailed review on the following days.

> Fundamental change v6+: At the level of common ACPI infrastructure, use
> the existing hotplug path for arm64 even though what needs to be
> done at the architecture specific level is quite different.
> An explicit check in arch_register_cpu() for arm64 prevents
> this code doing anything if Physical CPU Hotplug is signalled.
> This should resolve any concerns about treating virtual CPU
> hotplug as if it were physical and potential unwanted side effects
> if physical CPU hotplug is added to the ARM architecture in the
> future.
> v6: Thanks to Rafael for extensive help with the approach + reviews.
> Specific changes:
>  - Do not differentiate wrt code flow between traditional CPU HP
>    and the new ARM flow.  The conditions on performing hotplug actions
>    do need to be adjusted though to incorporate the slightly different
>    state transition
>      to existing !PRESENT + !ENABLED -> PRESENT + ENABLED
>  - Enable ACPI_HOTPLUG_CPU on arm64 and drop the earlier patches that
>    took various code out of the protection of that.  Now the paths
>  - New patch to drop unnecessary _STA check in hotplug code. This
>    code cannot be entered unless ENABLED + PRESENT are set.
>  - New patch to unify the flow of already onlined (at time of driver
>    load) and hotplugged CPUs in acpi/processor_driver.c.
>    This change is necessary because we can't easily distinguish the
>    2 cases of deferred vs hotplug calls of register_cpu() on arm64.
>    It is also a nice simplification.
>  - Use flags rather than a structure for the extra parameter to
>    acpi_scan_check_and_detach() - Thank to Shameer for offline feedback.
> Updated version of James' original introduction.
> This series adds what looks like cpuhotplug support to arm64 for use in
> virtual machines. It does this by moving the cpu_register() calls for
> architectures that support ACPI into an arch specific call made from
> the ACPI processor driver.
> The kubernetes folk really want to be able to add CPUs to an existing VM,
> in exactly the same way they do on x86. The use-case is pre-booting guests
> with one CPU, then adding the number that were actually needed when the
> workload is provisioned.
> Wait? Doesn't arm64 support cpuhotplug already!?
> In the arm world, cpuhotplug gets used to mean removing the power from a CPU.
> The CPU is offline, and remains present. For x86, and ACPI, cpuhotplug
> has the additional step of physically removing the CPU, so that it isn't
> present anymore.
> Arm64 doesn't support this, and can't support it: CPUs are really a slice
> of the SoC, and there is not enough information in the existing ACPI tables
> to describe which bits of the slice also got removed. Without a reference
> machine: adding this support to the spec is a wild goose chase.
> Critically: everything described in the firmware tables must remain present.
> For a virtual machine this is easy as all the other bits of 'virtual SoC'
> are emulated, so they can (and do) remain present when a vCPU is 'removed'.
> On a system that supports cpuhotplug the MADT has to describe every possible
> CPU at boot. Under KVM, the vGIC needs to know about every possible vCPU before
> the guest is started.
> With these constraints, virtual-cpuhotplug is really just a hypervisor/firmware
> policy about which CPUs can be brought online.
> This series adds support for virtual-cpuhotplug as exactly that: firmware
> policy. This may even work on a physical machine too; for a guest the part of
> firmware is played by the VMM. (typically Qemu).
> PSCI support is modified to return 'DENIED' if the CPU can't be brought
> online/enabled yet. The CPU object's _STA method's enabled bit is used to
> indicate firmware's current disposition. If the CPU has its enabled bit clear,
> it will not be registered with sysfs, and attempts to bring it online will
> fail. The notifications that _STA has changed its value then work in the same
> way as physical hotplug, and firmware can cause the CPU to be registered some
> time later, allowing it to be brought online.
> This creates something that looks like cpuhotplug to user-space and the
> kernel beyond arm64 architecture specific code, as the sysfs
> files appear and disappear, and the udev notifications look the same.
> One notable difference is the CPU present mask, which is exposed via sysfs.
> Because the CPUs remain present throughout, they can still be seen in that mask.
> This value does get used by webbrowsers to estimate the number of CPUs
> as the CPU online mask is constantly changed on mobile phones.
> Linux is tolerant of PSCI returning errors, as its always been allowed to do
> that. To avoid confusing OS that can't tolerate this, we needed an additional
> bit in the MADT GICC flags. This series copies ACPI_MADT_ONLINE_CAPABLE, which
> appears to be for this purpose, but calls it ACPI_MADT_GICC_CPU_CAPABLE as it
> has a different bit position in the GICC.
> This code is unconditionally enabled for all ACPI architectures, though for
> now only arm64 will have deferred the cpu_register() calls.
> If folk want to play along at home, you'll need a copy of Qemu that supports this.
> virt-cpuhp-armv8/rfc-v2
> Replace your '-smp' argument with something like:
>  | -smp cpus=1,maxcpus=3,cores=3,threads=1,sockets=1
>  then feed the following to the Qemu montior;
>  | (qemu) device_add driver=host-arm-cpu,core-id=1,id=cpu1
>  | (qemu) device_del cpu1
> James Morse (7):
>   ACPI: processor: Register deferred CPUs from acpi_processor_get_info()
>   ACPI: Add post_eject to struct acpi_scan_handler for cpu hotplug
>   arm64: acpi: Move get_cpu_for_acpi_id() to a header
>   irqchip/gic-v3: Don't return errors from gic_acpi_match_gicc()
>   irqchip/gic-v3: Add support for ACPI's disabled but 'online capable'
>     CPUs
>   arm64: document virtual CPU hotplug's expectations
>   cpumask: Add enabled cpumask for present CPUs that can be brought
>     online
> Jean-Philippe Brucker (1):
>   arm64: psci: Ignore DENIED CPUs
> Jonathan Cameron (8):
>   ACPI: processor: Simplify initial onlining to use same path for cold
>     and hotplug
>   cpu: Do not warn on arch_register_cpu() returning -EPROBE_DEFER
>   ACPI: processor: Drop duplicated check on _STA (enabled + present)
>   ACPI: processor: Move checks and availability of acpi_processor
>     earlier
>   ACPI: processor: Add acpi_get_processor_handle() helper
>   ACPI: scan: switch to flags for acpi_scan_check_and_detach()
>   arm64: arch_register_cpu() variant to check if an ACPI handle is now
>     available.
>   arm64: Kconfig: Enable hotplug CPU on arm64 if ACPI_PROCESSOR is
>     enabled.
>  .../ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu      |   6 +
>  Documentation/arch/arm64/cpu-hotplug.rst      |  79 ++++++++++++
>  Documentation/arch/arm64/index.rst            |   1 +
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |   1 +
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h                 |  11 ++
>  arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c                      |  16 +++
>  arch/arm64/kernel/acpi_numa.c                 |  11 --
>  arch/arm64/kernel/psci.c                      |   2 +-
>  arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c                       |  56 ++++++++-
>  drivers/acpi/acpi_processor.c                 | 113 ++++++++++--------
>  drivers/acpi/processor_driver.c               |  44 ++-----
>  drivers/acpi/scan.c                           |  47 ++++++--
>  drivers/base/cpu.c                            |  12 +-
>  drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3.c                  |  32 +++--
>  include/acpi/acpi_bus.h                       |   1 +
>  include/acpi/processor.h                      |   2 +-
>  include/linux/acpi.h                          |  10 +-
>  include/linux/cpumask.h                       |  25 ++++
>  kernel/cpu.c                                  |   3 +
>  19 files changed, 357 insertions(+), 115 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/arch/arm64/cpu-hotplug.rst
> --
> 2.39.2

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