[PATCH v19 009/130] KVM: x86: Add gmem hook for determining max NPT mapping level

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From: Michael Roth <michael.roth@xxxxxxx>

In the case of SEV-SNP, whether or not a 2MB page can be mapped via a
2MB mapping in the guest's nested page table depends on whether or not
any subpages within the range have already been initialized as private
in the RMP table. The existing mixed-attribute tracking in KVM is
insufficient here, for instance:

  - gmem allocates 2MB page
  - guest issues PVALIDATE on 2MB page
  - guest later converts a subpage to shared
  - SNP host code issues PSMASH to split 2MB RMP mapping to 4K
  - KVM MMU splits NPT mapping to 4K

At this point there are no mixed attributes, and KVM would normally
allow for 2MB NPT mappings again, but this is actually not allowed
because the RMP table mappings are 4K and cannot be promoted on the
hypervisor side, so the NPT mappings must still be limited to 4K to
match this.

Add a hook to determine the max NPT mapping size in situations like

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <michael.roth@xxxxxxx>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20231230172351.574091-31-michael.roth@xxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Isaku Yamahata <isaku.yamahata@xxxxxxxxx>
 arch/x86/include/asm/kvm-x86-ops.h |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h    |  2 ++
 arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c             | 12 ++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm-x86-ops.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm-x86-ops.h
index 378ed944b849..156832f01ebe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm-x86-ops.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm-x86-ops.h
@@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ KVM_X86_OP(complete_emulated_msr)
 #undef KVM_X86_OP
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index d271ba20a0b2..d15f5b4b1656 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -1796,6 +1796,8 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
 	unsigned long (*vcpu_get_apicv_inhibit_reasons)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 	gva_t (*get_untagged_addr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, unsigned int flags);
+	int (*gmem_max_level)(struct kvm *kvm, kvm_pfn_t pfn, gfn_t gfn, u8 *max_level);
 struct kvm_x86_nested_ops {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
index 2d6cdeab1f8a..1e5e12d2707d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
@@ -4308,6 +4308,7 @@ static int kvm_faultin_pfn_private(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 				   struct kvm_page_fault *fault)
 	int max_order, r;
+	u8 max_level;
 	if (!kvm_slot_can_be_private(fault->slot)) {
 		kvm_mmu_prepare_memory_fault_exit(vcpu, fault);
@@ -4321,8 +4322,15 @@ static int kvm_faultin_pfn_private(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 		return r;
-	fault->max_level = min(kvm_max_level_for_order(max_order),
-			       fault->max_level);
+	max_level = kvm_max_level_for_order(max_order);
+	r = static_call(kvm_x86_gmem_max_level)(vcpu->kvm, fault->pfn,
+						fault->gfn, &max_level);
+	if (r) {
+		kvm_release_pfn_clean(fault->pfn);
+		return r;
+	}
+	fault->max_level = min(max_level, fault->max_level);
 	fault->map_writable = !(fault->slot->flags & KVM_MEM_READONLY);

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