Re: [PATCH 0/6] KVM: Remove uses of struct page from x86 and arm64 MMU

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Excerpts from Nicholas Piggin's message of June 24, 2021 8:34 pm:
> Excerpts from David Stevens's message of June 24, 2021 1:57 pm:
>> KVM supports mapping VM_IO and VM_PFNMAP memory into the guest by using
>> follow_pte in gfn_to_pfn. However, the resolved pfns may not have
>> assoicated struct pages, so they should not be passed to pfn_to_page.
>> This series removes such calls from the x86 and arm64 secondary MMU. To
>> do this, this series modifies gfn_to_pfn to return a struct page in
>> addition to a pfn, if the hva was resolved by gup. This allows the
>> caller to call put_page only when necessated by gup.
>> This series provides a helper function that unwraps the new return type
>> of gfn_to_pfn to provide behavior identical to the old behavior. As I
>> have no hardware to test powerpc/mips changes, the function is used
>> there for minimally invasive changes. Additionally, as gfn_to_page and
>> gfn_to_pfn_cache are not integrated with mmu notifier, they cannot be
>> easily changed over to only use pfns.
>> This addresses CVE-2021-22543 on x86 and arm64.
> Does this fix the problem? (untested I don't have a POC setup at hand,
> but at least in concept)

This one actually compiles at least. Unfortunately I don't have much 
time in the near future to test, and I only just found out about this
CVE a few hours ago.


It's possible to create a region which maps valid but non-refcounted
pages (e.g., tail pages of non-compound higher order allocations). These
host pages can then be returned by gfn_to_page, gfn_to_pfn, etc., family
of APIs, which take a reference to the page, which takes it from 0 to 1.
When the reference is dropped, this will free the page incorrectly.

Fix this by only taking a reference on the page if it was non-zero,
which indicates it is participating in normal refcounting (and can be
released with put_page).

 virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index 6a6bc7af0e28..46fb042837d2 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -2055,6 +2055,13 @@ static bool vma_is_valid(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write_fault)
 	return true;
+static int kvm_try_get_pfn(kvm_pfn_t pfn)
+	if (kvm_is_reserved_pfn(pfn))
+		return 1;
+	return get_page_unless_zero(pfn_to_page(pfn));
 static int hva_to_pfn_remapped(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 			       unsigned long addr, bool *async,
 			       bool write_fault, bool *writable,
@@ -2104,13 +2111,21 @@ static int hva_to_pfn_remapped(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	 * Whoever called remap_pfn_range is also going to call e.g.
 	 * unmap_mapping_range before the underlying pages are freed,
 	 * causing a call to our MMU notifier.
+	 *
+	 * Certain IO or PFNMAP mappings can be backed with valid
+	 * struct pages, but be allocated without refcounting e.g.,
+	 * tail pages of non-compound higher order allocations, which
+	 * would then underflow the refcount when the caller does the
+	 * required put_page. Don't allow those pages here.
-	kvm_get_pfn(pfn);
+	if (!kvm_try_get_pfn(pfn))
+		r = -EFAULT;
 	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
 	*p_pfn = pfn;
-	return 0;
+	return r;

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