Re: Possible deadlock related to CPU hotplug and kernfs

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On 2015/9/4 22:16, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> Hi,
> On Fri, Sep 4, 2015 at 9:20 AM, Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> On 2015/9/4 4:08, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>>> Hi Tejun,
>>> On Thu, Sep 3, 2015 at 6:19 PM, Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>> Hello, Rafael.
>>>> On Thu, Sep 03, 2015 at 02:58:16AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>>>>> So acpi_device_hotplug() calls lock_device_hotplug() which simply
>>>>> acquires device_hotplug_lock.  It is held throughout the entire
>>>>> hot-add/hot-remove code path.
>>>>> Witing anything to /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpux/online goes through
>>>>> online_store() in drivers/base/core.c and that does
>>>>> lock_device_hotplug_sysfs() which then attempts to acquire
>>>>> device_hotplug_lock using mutex_trylock().  And it only calls
>>>>> either device_online() or device_offline() if it ends up with the
>>>>> lock held.
>>>>> Quite frankly, I don't see how these particular two code paths can
>>>>> deadlock in any way.
>>>>> So either a third code path is involved which is not executed
>>>>> under device_hotplug_lock, or lockdep needs to be told to actually
>>>>> take device_hotplug_lock into account in this case IMO.
>>>> Hmm... all sysfs rw functions are protected from removal.  ie. by
>>>> default, removal of a sysfs file drains in-flight rw operations, so
>>>> the hot plug path grabs a lock and then tries to remove a file and
>>>> writing to the online file makes the file's write method to try to
>>>> grab the same lock.  It deadlocks if the hotunplug path already has
>>>> the lock and trying to drain the online file for removal.
>>> My point is that you cannot get into that situation.  If hotplug
>>> already holds device_hotplug_lock, the write to "online" will end up
>>> doing restart_syscall().
>>> If the "online" code path is holding the lock, hotplug cannot acquire
>>> it and cannot proceed.
>>> Am I missing anything?
>> Hi Rafael,
>>         I think your are right. The lock_device_hotplug_sysfs() has
>> already provided a solution for such a deadlock scenario. And there's
>> another related code path at boot as:
>> smp_init()
>>         ->cpu_up()
>>                 ->cpu_hotplug_begin()
>>         So it seems to be a false alarm. Any way to teach lockdep
>> about this to get rid of the false alarm?
> Well, maybe we could call lock_device_hotplug() from that code path too?
Hi Rafael,
	Adding lock_device_hotplug() to smp_init() doesn't solve the
issue. So it seems to be an false alarm of lockdep, and I don't know
how to get rid of such an lockdep false alarm:(
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