Re: [PATCH] Revert "mm:vmscan: fix inaccurate reclaim during proactive reclaim"

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On Tue 23-01-24 05:58:05, T.J. Mercier wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 23, 2024 at 1:33 AM Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > On Sun 21-01-24 21:44:12, T.J. Mercier wrote:
> > > This reverts commit 0388536ac29104a478c79b3869541524caec28eb.
> > >
> > > Proactive reclaim on the root cgroup is 10x slower after this patch when
> > > MGLRU is enabled, and completion times for proactive reclaim on much
> > > smaller non-root cgroups take ~30% longer (with or without MGLRU).
> >
> > What is the reclaim target in these pro-active reclaim requests?
> Two targets:
> 1) /sys/fs/cgroup/memory.reclaim
> 2) /sys/fs/cgroup/uid_0/memory.reclaim (a bunch of Android system services)

OK, I was not really clear. I was curious about nr_to_reclaim. 
> Note that lru_gen_shrink_node is used for 1, but shrink_node_memcgs is
> used for 2.
> The 10x comes from the rate of reclaim (~70k pages/sec vs ~6.6k
> pages/sec) for 1. After this revert the root reclaim took only about
> 10 seconds. Before the revert it's still running after about 3 minutes
> using a core at 100% the whole time, and I'm too impatient to wait
> longer to record times for comparison.
> The 30% comes from the average of a few runs for 2:
> Before revert:
> $ adb wait-for-device && sleep 120 && adb root && adb shell -t 'time
> echo "" > /sys/fs/cgroup/uid_0/memory.reclaim'

Ohh, so you want to reclaim all of it (resp. as much as possible).


> > > After the patch the reclaim rate is
> > > consistently ~6.6k pages/sec due to the reduced nr_pages value causing
> > > scan aborts as soon as SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pages are reclaimed. The
> > > proactive reclaim doesn't complete after several minutes because
> > > try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages is still capable of reclaiming pages in
> > > tiny SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX page chunks and nr_retries is never decremented.
> >
> > I do not understand this part. How does a smaller reclaim target manages
> > to have reclaimed > 0 while larger one doesn't?
> They both are able to make progress. The main difference is that a
> single iteration of try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages with MGLRU ends soon
> after it reclaims nr_to_reclaim, and before it touches all memcgs. So
> a single iteration really will reclaim only about SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX-ish
> pages with MGLRU. WIthout MGLRU the memcg walk is not aborted
> immediately after nr_to_reclaim is reached, so a single call to
> try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages can actually reclaim thousands of pages
> even when sc->nr_to_reclaim is 32. (I.E. MGLRU overreclaims less.)

OK, I do see how try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages might over reclaim but I
do not really follow how increasing the batch actually fixes the issue
that there is always progress being made and therefore memory_reclaim
takes ages to terminates?
Michal Hocko

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