[PATCH v1 5/9] memcg: replace stats_flush_lock with an atomic

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]


As Johannes notes in [1], stats_flush_lock is currently used to:
(a) Protect updated to stats_flush_threshold.
(b) Protect updates to flush_next_time.
(c) Serializes calls to cgroup_rstat_flush() based on those ratelimits.


1. stats_flush_threshold is already an atomic

2. flush_next_time is not atomic. The writer is locked, but the reader
   is lockless. If the reader races with a flush, you could see this:

                                        if (time_after(jiffies, flush_next_time))
        flush_next_time = now + delay
                                        flush_next_time = now + delay

   which means we already can get flushes at a higher frequency than
   FLUSH_TIME during races. But it isn't really a problem.

   The reader could also see garbled partial updates, so it needs at
   least READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE protection.

3. Serializing cgroup_rstat_flush() calls against the ratelimit
   factors is currently broken because of the race in 2. But the race
   is actually harmless, all we might get is the occasional earlier
   flush. If there is no delta, the flush won't do much. And if there
   is, the flush is justified.

So the lock can be removed all together. However, the lock also served
the purpose of preventing a thundering herd problem for concurrent
flushers, see [2]. Use an atomic instead to serve the purpose of
unifying concurrent flushers.


Signed-off-by: Yosry Ahmed <yosryahmed@xxxxxxxxxx>
 mm/memcontrol.c | 17 ++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index ff39f78f962e..64ff33e02c96 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -585,8 +585,8 @@ mem_cgroup_largest_soft_limit_node(struct mem_cgroup_tree_per_node *mctz)
 static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w);
 static DECLARE_DEFERRABLE_WORK(stats_flush_dwork, flush_memcg_stats_dwork);
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(stats_flush_lock);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, stats_updates);
+static atomic_t stats_flush_ongoing = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
 static atomic_t stats_flush_threshold = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
 static u64 flush_next_time;
@@ -636,15 +636,18 @@ static inline void memcg_rstat_updated(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int val)
 static void __mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
-	unsigned long flag;
-	if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(&stats_flush_lock, flag))
+	/*
+	 * We always flush the entire tree, so concurrent flushers can just
+	 * skip. This avoids a thundering herd problem on the rstat global lock
+	 * from memcg flushers (e.g. reclaim, refault, etc).
+	 */
+	if (atomic_xchg(&stats_flush_ongoing, 1))
-	flush_next_time = jiffies_64 + 2*FLUSH_TIME;
+	WRITE_ONCE(flush_next_time, jiffies_64 + 2*FLUSH_TIME);
 	atomic_set(&stats_flush_threshold, 0);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stats_flush_lock, flag);
+	atomic_set(&stats_flush_ongoing, 0);
 void mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
@@ -655,7 +658,7 @@ void mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
 void mem_cgroup_flush_stats_ratelimited(void)
-	if (time_after64(jiffies_64, flush_next_time))
+	if (time_after64(jiffies_64, READ_ONCE(flush_next_time)))

[Index of Archives]     [Linux ARM Kernel]     [Linux ARM]     [Linux Omap]     [Fedora ARM]     [IETF Annouce]     [Security]     [Bugtraq]     [Linux OMAP]     [Linux MIPS]     [eCos]     [Asterisk Internet PBX]     [Linux API]     [Monitors]

  Powered by Linux