Re: [RFC PATCH 1/7] cgroup: rstat: only disable interrupts for the percpu lock

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On Wed, Mar 22, 2023 at 11:33 PM Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, Mar 22, 2023 at 10:15 PM Yosry Ahmed <yosryahmed@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> [...]
> > > Couple of questions:
> > >
> > > 1. What exactly is cgroup_rstat_lock protecting? Can we just remove it
> > > altogether?
> >
> > I believe it protects the global state variables that we flush into.
> > For example, for memcg, it protects mem_cgroup->vmstats.
> >
> > I tried removing the lock and allowing concurrent flushing on
> > different cpus, by changing mem_cgroup->vmstats to use atomics
> > instead, but that turned out to be a little expensive. Also,
> > cgroup_rstat_lock is already contended by different flushers
> > (mitigated by stats_flush_lock on the memcg side). If we remove it,
> > concurrent flushers contend on every single percpu lock instead, which
> > also seems to be expensive.
> We should add a comment on what it is protecting. I think block rstat
> are fine but memcg and bpf would need this.

I think it also protects the cpu base stats flushed by cgroup_base_stat_flush().

I will add a comment in the next version.

> >
> > > 2. Are we really calling rstat flush in irq context?
> >
> > I think it is possible through the charge/uncharge path:
> > memcg_check_events()->mem_cgroup_threshold()->mem_cgroup_usage(). I
> > added the protection against flushing in an interrupt context for
> > future callers as well, as it may cause a deadlock if we don't disable
> > interrupts when acquiring cgroup_rstat_lock.
> >
> > > 3. The mem_cgroup_flush_stats() call in mem_cgroup_usage() is only
> > > done for root memcg. Why is mem_cgroup_threshold() interested in root
> > > memcg usage? Why not ignore root memcg in mem_cgroup_threshold() ?
> >
> > I am not sure, but the code looks like event notifications may be set
> > up on root memcg, which is why we need to check thresholds.
> This is something we should deprecate as root memcg's usage is ill defined.

Right, but I think this would be orthogonal to this patch series.

> >
> > Even if mem_cgroup_threshold() does not flush memcg stats, the purpose
> > of this patch is to make sure the rstat flushing code itself is not
> > disabling interrupts; which it currently does for any unsleepable
> > context, even if it is interruptible.
> Basically I am saying we should aim for VM_BUG_ON(!in_task()) in the
> flush function rather than adding should_skip_flush() which does not
> stop potential new irq flushers.

I wanted to start with VM_BUG_ON(!in_task()) but I wasn't sure that
all contexts that call rstat flushing are not in irq contexts. I added
should_skip_flush() so that if there are existing flushers in irq
context, or new flushers are added, we are protected against a

We can change should_skip_flush() to have a WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task())
to alert in this case. If you prefer removing should_skip_flush() and
just adding VM_BUG_ON(!in_task()) we can do that, but personally I was
not confident enough that we have no code paths today that may attempt
flushing from irq context.

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