Health Matters for Women - October 2022

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October 2022 

New from CDC Authors:

Elevating the Health of Girls, Worldwide

International Day of the Girl is celebrated on October 11 every year. Declared by the United Nations in 2012, the Day focuses on the need to address challenges that girls face and to promote girls’ empowerment and fulfillment of their human rights.

Gendered Racism Among Women of Color

Even though all women can be affected by sexist ideas and policies, Black women and other women of color that have been marginalized are additionally affected by racist ideas and policies in ways that are multiplied for their racial group. Intersectionality serves as one conceptualization of gendered racism, and it has been applied as a theoretical framework for public health.

Patterns of Gendered Risk Factors and Associations with Intimate Partner Violence and Low Educational Attainment among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Lesotho: A Latent Class Analysis

Globally, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately impacted by economic, demographic, and social factors associated with a wide range of negative outcomes. This study uses latent class analysis (LCA) to identify groupings of AGYW in Lesotho based on patterns of gendered risk factors, and to assess the association between the identified groupings and intimate partner violence (IPV) and low educational attainment.

Merck/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Varicella Vaccine Pregnancy Registry: 19-Year Summary of Data from Inception Through Closure, 1995-2013

The VARIVAX® Pregnancy Registry was established in 1995 to monitor pregnancy outcomes of women who received varicella vaccine (ie, VARIVAX) inadvertently while pregnant. This study evaluates pregnancy outcomes for birth defects. 

Contraception Claims by Medication for Opioid Use Disorder Prescription Status among Insured Women with Opioid Use Disorder, United States, 2018

The objective of this study is to understand how contraception method use differed between women prescribed and not prescribed medications for opioid use disorder among commercially-insured and Medicaid-insured women.

Association Between Breastfeeding, Host Genetic Factors, and Calicivirus Gastroenteritis in a Nicaraguan Birth Cohort

Norovirus and sapovirus are important causes of childhood acute gastroenteritis (AGE). Breastfeeding prevents AGE generally; however, it is unknown if breastfeeding prevents AGE caused specifically by norovirus and sapovirus. This study investigated the association between breastfeeding and norovirus or sapovirus AGE episodes in a birth cohort.

Urinary Phenols in Early to Mid-Pregnancy and Risk of Gestational Diabetes: A Longitudinal Study in a Multiracial Cohort

Environmental phenols are ubiquitous endocrine disruptors and putatively diabetogenic. However, data during pregnancy are scant. This study investigated the prospective associations between pregnancy phenols concentrations and gestational diabetes risk.

It's Not Just the Southeast - Geographically Pervasive Racial Disparities in Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Between Non-Hispanic Black and White US Females

Spatial analyses of gonorrhea morbidity among females often highlight the southeastern US but may not provide information on geographic variation in the magnitude of racial disparities; such maps also focus on geographic space, obscuring underlying population characteristics. This study created a series of visualizations depicting both county-level racial disparities in female gonorrhea diagnoses and variations in population size.

Association Between Lifetime Sexual Violence Victimization and Selected Health Conditions and Risk Behaviors among 13-24-Year-Olds in Lesotho: Results from the Violence Against Children and Youth Survey (VACS), 2018

Sexual violence is a serious public health concern worldwide. In Lesotho, one in seven women and one in twenty men aged 18 years and older experienced sexual violence during childhood. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of lifetime sexual violence victimization among 13-24-year-olds in Lesotho and assess its association with selected health conditions and risk behaviors.

Medically Attended Influenza During Pregnancy in the 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 Influenza Seasons

Influenza testing and case-confirmation rates in pregnant populations have not been reported during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Using electronic medical record data from a cohort of nearly 20,000 pregnancies in the United States, this retrospective cohort study examines the frequency of acute respiratory or febrile illness encounters, influenza testing, and influenza positivity during the 2020-2021 influenza season, which occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, compared with the 2019-2020 influenza season, which largely did not.

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