Health Matters for Women - March 2022

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March 2022 

New from CDC

Seven Facts to Know about Women’s Health

Women face diverse and unique health concerns across the lifespan which may affect their overall health and wellness. Learn how some of these health conditions and life challenges impact the lives of women and girls each year.

Progress Toward Achieving and Sustaining Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination — Worldwide, 2000–2020

In 1989, the World Health Assembly endorsed elimination of neonatal tetanus; the activity was relaunched in 1999 as the maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination (MNTE) initiative, targeting 59 priority countries. This report summarizes progress toward achieving and sustaining MNTE during 2000–2020 and updates a previous report.

Higher Prevalence of Hysterectomy Among Rural Women than Urban Women: Implications for Measures of Disparities in Uterine and Cervical Cancers

Using data from a large population-based survey, this study assessed whether hysterectomy prevalence varies by rural or urban residence and whether the relationship between hysterectomy prevalence and rurality varies by race or ethnicity.

Women's Intergenerational Intimate Partner Violence and Household Child Abuse in Burma (Myanmar)

Intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse are prevalent in Burma. Using data from the 2015-2016 Demographic and Health Survey, this study evaluated the pathways between women's exposure to IPV, attitudes toward IPV, and household child discipline practices, and assessed whether intergenerational cycles and co-occurrence of violence in the household vary by pivotal life events and development stages. 

Predicting Emergence of Primary and Secondary Syphilis Among Women of Reproductive Age in US Counties

The objective of this study was to identify US counties with elevated risk for emergence of primary and secondary syphilis among women of reproductive age.

Group Antenatal Care for Improving Retention of Adolescent and Young Pregnant Women Living with HIV (AYWLH) in Kenya

This study evaluated a differentiated service model for pregnant and postnatal AYWLH at seven health facilities in western Kenya aimed at improving retention in antiretroviral treatment services.

Maternity Care Practices and Breastfeeding Intentions at One Month Among Low-Income Women

Maternity care practices have been linked with higher chances of meeting breastfeeding intentions. This report examines this association with data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2.

Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination and Cervical Cancer Screening Coverage in Managed Care Plans — United States, 2018

The purpose of this study was to describe 2018 National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set data for the United States on HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening from commercial preferred provider organizations, commercial health maintenance organizations (HMOs), and Medicaid HMOs. 

Factors Associated with Active Syphilis Among Men and Women Aged 15 years and Older in the Zimbabwe Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (ZIMPHIA) 2015–2016

This analysis uses data from ZIMPHIA (2015–2016) to describe factors associated with active syphilis among men and women ages 15 years and older.

Urinary Phthalate and DINCH Metabolite Concentrations and Gradations of Maternal Glucose Intolerance

Research suggests a link between endocrine disrupting chemicals, such as phthalates, and gestational diabetes mellitus. In this study, phthalate biomarkers were measured among a cohort of 606 women during each trimester of pregnancy to evaluate associations between biomarkers and maternal glycemic status.

Recent Incarceration Exposure Among Parents of Live-Born Infants and Maternal and Child Health

The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of recent incarceration exposure among women with a recent live birth and assess the relationship between incarceration exposure and maternal and child health.

Prevalence of Overactive Bladder Symptoms Among Women With Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

Symptoms of urinary frequency, urgency, and urinary leakage are characteristic of overactive bladder syndrome. However, frequency and urgency symptoms are also present in most patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). This is a prospective study of women with IC/BPS diagnosed clinically in the Veterans Affairs Health Care system. 

Identification of Profiles and Determinants of Maternal Pregnancy Urinary Biomarkers of Phthalates and Replacements in the Illinois Kids Development Study

Exposure to phthalates has been associated with adverse maternal and child health outcomes, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and preterm birth. This study evaluated 13 maternal sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, enrollment year, and conception season as determinants of exposure biomarkers of phthalates and their replacements in 482 pregnant women from the Illinois Kids Development Study.

Economic Evaluation of Zika Contraception Access Network in Puerto Rico During the 2016-17 Zika Virus Outbreak

This study estimated the cost-effectiveness of the Zika Contraception Access Network (Z-CAN), an emergency response intervention that provided women in Puerto Rico with access to the full range of reversible contraception at no cost and compared results with a pre-implementation hypothetical cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA).

Periconceptional Folic Acid Use Prevents Both Rare and Common Neural Tube Defects in China

Neural tube defects (NTDs) encompass a variety of distinct types. This study assessed if the preventive effect of folic acid varied by NTD type and infant sex.

Access to Contraceptive Services in Puerto Rico: An Analysis of Policy and Practice Change Strategies, 2015-2018

This analysis reports on the identified policy and practice change strategies to increase access to or provision of contraceptive services in Puerto Rico between 2015 and 2018.

The Positive Effect of Malaria IPTp-SP on Birthweight is Mediated by Gestational Weight Gain But Modifiable by Maternal Carriage of Enteric Pathogens

Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), given for intermittent preventive therapy of malaria in pregnancy, is one of few existing interventions that improves outcomes of both mother and baby despite widespread SP-resistant malaria. This study analyzed whether the beneficial effect of SP on birthweight is mediated by SP activity on maternal factors, including increased gestational weight gain and antibiotic activity on pathogens in the maternal gut.

COVID-19 Impact on Women

Investigating the Impact of COVID-19 During Pregnancy

CDC is supporting multiple efforts to increase our understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on pregnant women and infants. Data collected as part of these efforts can help direct public health action and inform clinical guidance for the care of affected pregnant women and their infants.


Health Observances, April 2022

National Minority Health Month
STD Awareness Month
Sexual Assault Awareness Prevention Month
Women’s Eye Health and Safety Month
4/11 – 4/17 Black Maternal Health Week
4/24 – 4/30 National Infertility Awareness Week

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