Re: audio samples data flow from user mode to kernel mode

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Hi Subhashini,

On Sat, Jun 23, 2018 at 4:22 PM, Subhashini Rao Beerisetty
<subhashbeerisetty@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Hello All,
> I’m trying to understand how audio samples transferred between user mode to
> kernel mode during playback and capture. I’m using aplay & arecord alsa
> utilities for playback and capture.
> Let us take a PCM wav file of sample rate 48000 and it has a total number of
> samples 480000 (Approx.Duration in seconds=10). Size of each sample is 8
> bytes(two channels). After invocation of aplay from user mode, how does
> these audio samples gets copied to kernel mode? Can someone explain me on
> this?

Usually this is done in corresponding sound/alsa device driver.
The alsa driver should populate the following structure :-

struct snd_pcm_substream {
struct snd_pcm *pcm;
struct snd_pcm_str *pstr;
void *private_data; /* copied from pcm->private_data */
int number;
char name[32]; /* substream name */
int stream; /* stream (direction) */
struct pm_qos_request latency_pm_qos_req; /* pm_qos request */
size_t buffer_bytes_max; /* limit ring buffer size */
struct snd_dma_buffer dma_buffer;
size_t dma_max;
/* -- hardware operations -- */
const struct snd_pcm_ops *ops;

Here, you can find the dma_buffer where you have to populate the
destination(kernel buffer)
I would suggest please have a look at Alsa driver documentation for
further details.
There are lot of important parameters which defines how the copy will
happen from
user-space to kernel space - like period size, period count etc. Also
look at important
functions - snd_pcm_period_elapsed etc

> Is it possible to capture the timestamps for the first and last audio
> samples that arrive at the driver level?
> Can I consider the .trigger(for playback & capture) callback in
> SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START  case is timestamp for the first audio sample?
> Similarly does .trigger callbacks SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP gives the last
> audio sample timestamp?
> Thanks,
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> Kernelnewbies mailing list
> Kernelnewbies@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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