There are times when spoofing the CPU vendor_id is convenient. For example, some x86 guest OS's only run on Intel and refuse to run on an AMD host. Libvirt does support this in the "host-model" case, but it doesn't work for CPU "host-passthrough". On the QEMU command line it's as easy as:
$ qemu-system-x86_64 -cpu host,vendor=GenuineIntel
This works fine in libvirt XML:
Libvirt silently strips out the model line after saving "virsh edit ..."
Is there any reason why libvirt cannot support this in the host-passthrough case? The status quo means that some folks end up resorting to <qemu:arg value='-cpu'/> hacks which of course causes all sorts of confusion with multiple -cpu lines getting passed to QEMU.